Celebrations (Puno week)
Art, Music and Dance
Art: Peruvian art has its origin in the Andean Civilizations. These civilizations rose in the territory of modern Peru before the arrival of the Spanish.
Music: Musical instruments in Peru are: Andean Musical Instruments, Charango, Sampona, Bombo, Quena, Pinkillos (flutes),Cascabeles (bells),guacharaca (scraper), Caja (snare drum), and maracas ( wooden rattles)
Where as most South American percussion and wind instruments date back to Inca or pre-Inca times, stringed instruments were initially introduced by the Spanish, though later they may have been adapted to local conditions or materials.
Dance: Traditional folk dance from Peru uses colorful costumes in traditional fabrics from the Andean highlands and coasts. Many of the costumes are based on the plants, animals and lifestyle in the tropical forests of Peru. Dances include the Jungle Dance, from the Amazon region.
2/3 of the population speak Spanish. Many people also speak other foreign languages.
Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish explorer. He conquered the Inca Indians in what is now Peru. His actions opened the way for Spain to colonize most of South America. Pizarro was born in Trujillo, Spain. In the early 1500's, he spent some time in the Spanish West Indies. He also explored the Caribbean coast Central and South America. Pizarro then settled in the Spanish colony of Panama City. Reports of a wealthy empire to the South caused Pizarro to start exploring the Pacific coast of South America in 1524.
The Peruvian flag has a red stripe on the left and right side and a white stripe in the middle. The flag of Peru was officially adopted on February 25, 1825. The colors symbolize the Incas and their lasting impact on the country. The red represents blood shed for independence. The white symbolizes peace and purity.