Martin Luther: Angel or Demon?

By Christian Zarka R4 S4

Luther: a saint

  • went against indulgences which primarily used the church community to help stabilize the Vatican
  • wanted to reform church out of the good of his heart and love for Catholicism
  • mentioned that the pope had too much authority and was manipulating his loyal members of the church
  • took power away from church by starting Protestantism
  • based his thoughts and teachings on scriptures (the word of God)
  • refused to apologize after writing "95 Theses"; he was sticking up for what he interpreted as the right thing
  • Luther changed mass to the native language
  • understood the necessity of education for all people
  • Catholic church eliminated the selling of indulgences partly because of Luther's valid points
  • Peace of Augsburg let princes of regions decided the religion in the land
  • A hero to Germans; portrayed in art as "German Hercules"

Luther: a sinner

  • claimed good works did not get a person to heaven
  • disrupted and broke the unity of the Christian church
  • "a heretic and an outlaw of the empire"-Edict of Worms
  • wrote, published, and sold controversial books going against the Catholic church
  • did not apologize for his harsh insults against the church
  • excommunicated from the Catholic church
  • opposed peasant's revolt against the feudal nobility
  • could not hold the Protestant religion together; branched into small parts
  • Peace of Augsburg let princes decide the religion for the people they governed
  • got angry at other religions branching out and tried to stop freedom of religion
  • writings influenced spread of anti-Semitism
  • referred to the papacy as the devil

Works Cited

Harmony, Halley. What Is the Difference between Catholics and Protestants?Digital

image. WordPress. The Gateway Theme, 23 July 2013. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

Martin Luther—the Historical Reformation. Digital image. Peace Lutheran Church. Peace

Journey, n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

Pope Leo X. Digital image. NNDB. Soylent Communications, 2014. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

Prahlow, Jacob J. How I View Martin Luther. Digital image. Pursuing Veritas. N.p., 3 Nov.

2015. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

The Peace of Augsburg. Digital image. Epic World History. Blogger, n.d. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.

The Reformation - Diet of Worms. Digital image. Kids Corner. Concordia News Website, 15

Feb. 2006. Web. 22 Dec. 2015.