Galileo Galilei

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Galileos personal life

Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei (Italian pronunciation: [ɡaliˈlɛːo ɡaliˈlɛi]; 15 February 1564[3] – 8 January 1642), was an Italian astronomer, physicist, engineer, philosopher, and mathematician who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. Galileo has been called the "father of observational astronomy",[4]the "father of modern physics",[5][6] and the "father of science".[7] His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter(named the Galilean moons in his honour), and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Galileo also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments.

Galileos discoveries

Galileo's other discoveries such as spots on the surface of
the Sun, geological features on the Moon, the phases of Venus (similar to those
of the Moon), and the multitude of individual stars that made up the Milky Way
provided even further evidence that Earth did not occupy a privileged place in
the Universe. Earth was nothing more than one of many celestial bodies, the one
we happen to know best. Galileo's discoveries went against the doctrine of the
Vatican and the Catholic Church at the time, and in 1633 he was tried by the
Inquisition on suspicion of heresy.