A Nigerian Islamic terrorist group
Who is Boko Haram?
Boko Haram is an Islamic terrorist/militant group which promotes a type of Islam which forbids its followers to be a part of any political or social activity associated with Western society. This also means they prohibit receiving a secular education, voting in an election, and wearing paints/trousers. Boko Haram condemns the Nigerian government for being run by non believers even when Nigeria had a Muslim president.
The standard Boko Haram flag which is the standard of ISIL, which was adopted by Boko Haram in 2015 and above Logo of Boko Haram until 2015
Boko Haram soldiers with the standard Boko Haram flag the black standard of ISIL, which was adopted by Boko Haram in 2015
Boko Haram soldiers
What action does the Nigerian government take against boko haram?
In May 2013 Nigeria declared Borono, Yobe, and Adawama in states of emergency. The military has mainly responded with raids which have resulted in large accusations of human rights abuses. Additionally The Nigerian army has recaptured all of the major towns occupied by Boko Haram in recent months, and rescued nearly 1,000 kidnapped women and children.
How has the world responded?
In November of 2013 The US State Department designated Boko Haram a Foreign Terrorist. In January 2015 the AU Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) authorized deployment of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF), comprised of troops from Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. The mandate of the force includes the protection of civilians under immediate threat of attack from Boko Haram, and in January 2016 the AUPSC renewed the MNJTF's mandate for 12 months. Additionally Captured Boko Haram leaders should be held accountable for crimes against humanity committed in areas under the group's command and control. With international support, the Nigerian government needs to undertake security reform to ensure that the army and police are trained to protect civilians and inforce international law when it comes to human rights.
What has Boko Haram done?
On the night of 14–15 April 2014, 276 female students were kidnapped from the Government Secondary School in the town of Chibok in Borno State, Nigeria.
Boko Haram continues to target women and girls for kidnapping, using some abductees to perpetrate attacks.
According to UNICEF, one of every five suicide bombers used by Boko Haram in 2015 was a child.
On 20 April two females detonated a suicide bomb at an IDP camp in Banki, Borno state, killing eight people. Nigerian security forces have often failed to provide sufficient protection from Boko Haram. The military has also been accused of committing human rights abuses against civilians, including arbitrary arrests and extrajudicial killings of suspected Boko Haram members. According to Amnesty International, over 7,000 detainees, including children, have died in military detention since 2011.
Nigerians protest Boko Haram the kidnapping of the girls in Chibok.
Michelle Obama holding a #BringBackourgirls Poster in support of the bring back our girls campaign.
Students holding up cutouts of the kidnapped girls in support of the bring back our girls campaign.
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Daily Chart the Blight of Nigeria. 2015. Economist. The Economist. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Web. 19 Jan. 2015.
Ma'ayan Rosenzweig. Key Terrorist Groups in Africa. 2015. Abc.com. Web. 1 June 2016. <http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/fullpage/african-terrorist-groups-infographic-23610960>.
Parents Say Identify Chibok Girls Missing 2 Years in Boko Haram. 2016. The Nation. The Nation. Web. 14 Apr. 2016.
"Populations at Risk Imminent Risk." Nigeria: Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect. Global2p, 15 May 2016. Web. 01 June 2016.Schultz, Heidi. "Nigeria's Boko Haram: Who Are They and What Do They Want?" National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 8 May 2014. Web. 01 June 2016.