the 7 principles

the constitution

popular sovereignty

definition: popular sovereignty is that the government is created and sustained by the people, or elected representatives, rhe people then can work together to for a more better county.
example: during the American revoulution, king George the lll made certain rules and laws that the Americans didn't agree with, later on they decided to not follow his laws and make there own.


quote: "The purpose of the United Nations should be to protect the essential sovereignty of nations, large and small."

-Nikita Khrushchev

republicanism

definition: in a republic government, instead of voting directly on what you want to do like in a democratic government, instead republicans vote on representatives to help them decide on what they want and what's best.


example: an example for republicanism would be how America is a republic country and we vote for representative which help us decide on what to vote for.



quote: "let us not seek the republican answer or the democratic answer, but the right answer. let us not seek to fix the blame for the past. let us accept our own responsiblity for thw future."

-John f. Kennedy

federalism

definition: federalism is a system of government, in which the power is divided by constitutional rights between national and local units of government in regions.


example: the United states is a good example of federalism, there are different levels and the federal level is the level with the president, the congress, the Supreme Court, and the executive.


quote: "the combination of federalism and republicanism which formed the substance of the system, did not constitute a progressive and formative political principle, but it pointed in a constructive formula."

-Herbert croly

why do we have federalism? federalism helps us-the United states- grant certain powers to both the U.S. government and the state governments


how does federalism work? federalism works by balancing the power of small regional governments( the states) against the power of a lager central government( the national government).

separation of powers

definition: separation of powers is the division of the basic government roles into three branches...the executive, the judicial, and the executive.


quote:" it was the separation of powers upon which the framers placed their hopes for the preservation of the people's liberties. despite this heritage, the congress has been in too many cases more than willing to walk away from its constitutional powers"

-Robert Byrd


example: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial are all examples of separation of powers

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source:

The purpose of the United Nations should be to protect the essential sovereignty of nations, large and small.

Nikita Khrushche


Read more at http:/seperation/of powers.gov/kitgpolitics38678.html#bU0rfItPPMCuvd9G.99

checks and balances

definition: checks and balances is a system where there are different parts of an organization( which is a government)they have powers that affect and control the other parts of the government so that no part can be too powerful and so they can ve balanced.


example: one example would be how the executive branch, the legislative, and judicial all work together to do what's best for their community and make the best decisions. when people make laws, the idea of a law goes to the executive then legislative then the judicial branch, then it all happens again till they decide weather or not to make it a law.


quote: " this used to be a government of checks and balances, now it's all checks and no balances"

-Gracie allen

limited government

definition: limited government is the amount of powers given by the constitution, it limits the powers for the rights of the people and cannot go against the bill of rights stating we the people and our rights.



example: limited government was created so the power of the government never gets too strong. limited government examples would be the sperTion of powers, checks and balances and each branch of the government working together to ensure that no branch will abuse their power. this is why the Magna Carta was written because the king was abusing his rights and the Americans disagreed.


quote: " I don't want to transform America. I want to restore to America the economic values of freedom and opportunity and limited government that has made us the power house of the world."

individual rights

definition: individual rights is not a privilege it's more a right of a human being, the signers of the decleration of independence declared that rights are unalienable, in other words means that rights are not to be lost, surrendered, or taken away from.


example: an example of individual rights would be the freedom of speech, to say what u think, within reason, these are our rights that we have, and they shall not be taken away from us.


quote: " the battle for the individual rights of women is one of long standing and none of us should countenance anything which undermines it"

-Eleanor Roosevelt

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