History of Computing

By Chris Totty

The First Thinking Machine

Alan Turing, a student at Cambridge in 1936 dreamt about a machine that could think. When the Second World War broke out he was working with British decoders. He also helped build the Colossus, a huge computer, to crack the enigma code. This is when he built the first 'Thinking Machine'. He called it the Imagination Machine. It could read symbols and the processed them, then outputted new symbols. After the War ended he worked with AI (Artificial Intelligence). He thought that in the future the computers could learn and complete tasks. He committed suicide because he got a large amount of abuse for being homosexual.

Sir Tim Bernes-Lee

Tim Bernes-Lee invented the WWW (World Wide Web) in the 1980's so people could share documents all over the world. He worked at a business called the CERN (researching nuclear weapons) and he suffered information overload and wanted to organise all his documents. He made three rules for the WWW:

  1. Every bit of information must have an address
  2. Computers follow standard protocool
  3. And all the computers used a common language

5 Facts

  1. The first domain name ever registered was Symbolics.com.
  2. About 1.8 billion people connect to the Internet, only 450 million of them speak English.
  3. You could fit the whole Internet on just 200 million Blu-Ray disks.
  4. Doug Engelbart had made the first computer mouse in 1964, and it was made out of wood.
  5. Doug Engelbart had made the first computer mouse in 1964, and it was made out of wood.

Types of Software

Well Known Computer Logos

5 Last Facts!

  1. Emails are older than the WWW
  2. Over 6,000 viruses are released every month
  3. Facebook has over 800,000,000 users and...
  4. If it were a country it would be the 3rd largest country in the world
  5. 20.7% of viruses are created by organised crime syndicates