The Germans in Texas

German immigrants in Texas

The German significance

GERMANS. The largest ethnic group in Texas was directly from Europe was persons of German birth or descent. As early as 1850, they lived in more than 5 percent of the total Texas population, a proportion that remained constant through the remainder of the nineteenth century. Intermarriage has messed up ethnic lines, but the 1990 United States census revealed that 1,175,888 Texans claimed pure and 1,775,838 partial German ancestry, for a total of 2,951,726, or 17 1/2 percent of the total population. By this count, Germans rank behind Hispanics and form the third-largest national-origin group in the state.

Famous German Establishment

The first German settlement was called Industry, west of Houston, in 1838. There tobacco grew flourishly and vast, many people took advantage of this and made cigar factories. A few years later in, 1842, a group of German noblemen formed a society for protection of German immagrents in Texas, dubbed Mainzer Adelaverein. The society gave money to buy land grants and form colonies. After several land grants failed, Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels was chosen as the leader to buy the land grant titles. Prince Carl opened a major port called Indianola on the Gulf Coast, where the German immagrents could enter Texas. From Indianola the immagrents moved north of San Antonio to the new colony of New Braunfels. John O. Meusebach arrived in 1845 to clean up what legal problems the Prince Carl had made over the land purchases. Meusebach bought more land with the extra money he got from Prince Carl, and with a new groupof German immagrents he formed the town of Fredericksburg, just north-west of San Antonio. Fredericksberg soon became the most successful German colony in Texas. Fredericksberg grinder mill, grew tons of wheat, and grew a lot of livestock.

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Bibliography


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