Spanish society in the 19th century

Economy and industrialisation and society

the new society

throughout this century economic and social transformations were bringing Spain to a modern society

Economy and industrialisation

Industrial Revolution was late and slow only Basque Country, Catalonia and the large cities.

Most of the population still worked in the fields with underdeveloped technology, England or Germany used advanced machinery. Railway, adidn`t appear until the second half on the century. Main forms of transport. The first train line, Barcelona and Mataó.

society

The bourgeoisie became rich and dominant social class. The bourgeoisie were upper class. They lived in modern neighbour hoods called ensanches.

society

Industrial Revolution brought serius social problems such as harsh working conditions and even child explotation. In rural areas, the peasants lived in extreme poverty.

The cities had poor neighbourhoods extremely living conditions. The poorest lower classes, like factory workers, lived here.

Art and culture

Artist portrayed the changes of the times many artistic styles emerged, the majority of the population was illiterate

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Romanticism

At the beginning of the century, revolutionary atmosphere and faraway places.
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Realism

In the midle of the century, the most disadvantaged aspects of the industrial society.
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Inpressionism

At the end of the century, technological advances on their work
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Generation of 98 ( la generacion del 98)

Group of writers and intelectuals who criticised Spanish society.
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Scientific advances

Several researchers achived scientific advances , for example, Ramón y Cajal recived first Novel Prize