Ernest Hemingway

His Childhood.

He was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, IL, and was the second child born to Dr. Clarence and Grace Hemingway. His mother developed an odd fondness for dressing him and his older sister Marcelline as "twins"; sometimes as boys, with short hair and overalls, and sometimes as girls, with flowery dresses and long hair.


After marrying Elizabeth, they set sail for France. His friend Sherwood Anderson was the one who recommended Ernest go to Paris, because he thought he'd like it there.

First Son

Elizabeth Hadley Richardson gives birth to his first child, John "Jack" Hemingway, on October 10, 1923.

First Publication

In 1923, Hemingway's first book, Three Stories and Ten Poems, is published. In the same year, Hemingway brings his pregnant wife to watch a bullfight in Pamplona, Spain, hoping it'll toughen up his son.

Hemingway & Fitzgerald

Hemingway met F. Scott Fitzgerald, author of The Great Gatsby, at the Dingo Bar in Paris. Their friendship later falls apart due to professional rivalry and a feud between Hemingway and Fitzgerald's wife Zelda.


Ernest was given a white polydactyl (six-toed) cat by a ship's captain and he named it Snowball. His old home in Key West, which is now a museum, is inhabited by approximately 40-50 polydactyl cats; some are descendants of Snowball.

First Novel

In 1926, his first novel, The Sun Also Rises, was published. It was critically acclaimed and commercially successful.

The Hemingway Code

The Hemingway Code are a set of characteristics for the characters in his works. They are figures who try to follow a masculine moral code and make sense of the world through those beliefs. The "Hemingway Code Hero" typically has some sort of physical/psychological wound symbolizing the tragic flaw of his character, which the character must overcome.

Remarriage & Key West

He divorces Elizabeth Hadley on the 4th of April, 1927 and one month later he marries Pauline Pfeiffer; a fashion writer. The two leave Paris and move to a house in Key West, Florida. She is the mother of his second child Patrick.

Gregory Hemingway

Ernest's third and last son, Gregory was born on Nov. 12, 1931. Ernest affectionately called him "Gig", but in adulthood; as a cross-dresser, Gregory chooses to call himself Gloria. Sadly, this enrages his ultra-macho father.

African Safari

Pauline and Ernest travel to Kenya for a ten-week safari. He falls in love with the continent. He wrote the 1935 book Green Hills of Africa and a couple of short stories there.

The 3rd Wife

Hemingway divorces Pauline on the 4th of Nov., 1940 and less than three weeks later, he marries the journalist Martha Gellhorn. The couple settles in Finca Vigia, the Cuban estate where Hemingway will live, off and on, for twenty years. The Spanish Civil War novel For Whom the Bell Tolls is published in the same year.

Mary Welsh

Ernest divorced Pauline and married a war correspondent, Mary Welsh, his fourth and final wife, on the 14th of March, 1946. On the 19th of August, she miscarries due to an ectopic pregnancy. The couple never produce any children with each other.

Across the River and Into the Trees

In 1950, Hemingway's novel Across the River and Into the Trees is published. Sadly, it's the most poorly reviewed novel of his career.
Midnight in Paris Hemingway Scene "Read My Novel?"

Nobel Prize

On Dec. 10, 1954, Ernest Hemingway is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, becoming the fifth American author to receive the award. At the time, Hemingway was still recovering from serious injuries sustained in two separate plane crashes and a bushfire accident earlier in the year and was unable to travel to Stockholm to receive the award. The American ambassador John C. Cabot accepted the prize on his behalf and read his speech aloud.

Goodbye Cuba

He leaves Cuba forever following the 1959 revolution in which his acquaintance Fidel Castro leads communist revolutionaries to power. The Cuban government takes possession of his home, Finca Vigia, and will later turn it into a Hemingway museum.

The Hemingway Family Curse

Suffering from depression, alcoholism, and numerous physical ailments, Ernest Hemingway commits suicide with a shotgun at his home in Ketchum, Idaho on July 2, 1961. He receives a Catholic burial, as the church judges him not to have been in his right mind at the time of his suicide. He was buried in Ketchum.