Civil War

The War between the States!

1861-1865

The North and South Strategies

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4 years in 4 minutes!

The Civil War In Four Minutes

Practice Question

Summary Question

What are the two important battle strategies?

Review Topic

Anaconda Plan

Cotton Plan

Causes of the Civil War (3 S')

Election of 1860

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Political Cartoon

P-What do you see in the picture? Describe.

A-What are the people doing?

W-Are there any words in the picture? Is there a title that can help us figure out what the image is?

S-Are there any symbols (something that represents something else)?

S-Why is this picture significant, important? **Especially to the time period and events we are discussing!!

Practice Question

Summary Question

What caused so much turmoil in the United States at that time?

Review Topics

Anaconda Plan

Cotton Plan

Causes of the Civil War (3 S')

Election of 1860

Secession!

The states secede one by one! President Abraham Lincoln viewed secession as illegal!
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Secession of the Southern States

Which reason do you believe caused the South to finally secede from the Union? (Slavery, States' Rights or Sectionalism) Explain why!


Rate your knowledge of Secession!

North and South Leaders

Abraham Lincoln- 1st Inaugural Address

“We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.”

Lincoln's Inaugural Address! Questions

1. What kind of language is used?

2. What the main ideas are?

3. What is the same in the two quotes?

4. What is different in the two quotes?

5. What thoughts come into your mind while skimming the quotes?

Jefferson Davis- 1st Inaugural Address!

“The declared purpose of the compact of Union from which we have withdrawn was ‘to establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our posterity;’ and when, in the judgment of the sovereign States now composing this Confederacy, it had been perverted from the purposes for which it was ordained, and had ceased to answer the ends for which it was established,”

Davis' Inaugural Address Questions!

1. What kind of language is used?

2. What the main ideas are?

3. What is the same in the two quotes?

4. What is different in the two quotes?

5. What thoughts come into your mind while skimming the quotes?

Main Points of Jefferson Davis's inaugural address

President of the Confederate States of America

Secession- Leaving the Union was the same as a Revolution! It was necessary!

Liberty- Freedom of the South from oppression of the North.

The Union- Breaking from the Union was necessary not a choice!

The Government- Confederacy's goal was to establish a government similar to the US Constitution!

Practice Question

Summary Question

What is the main difference between what the two men are trying to accomplish?

Review Topics

Anaconda Plan

Cotton Plan

Election of 1860

Abraham Lincoln

Jefferson Davis

Secession

Main Battles of the Civil War!

1st Battle!

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Bloodiest Battle of the Civil War

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Emancipation Proclamation- Every Man is set free!

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The Battle of Gettysburg- The Turning Point

Practice Question

Summary Question

Why does Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation during the middle of the war?

Review Topics

Fort Sumter

First Bull Run

Antietam

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg

It is considered the turning point of the war because the North (Union) was able to turn back an invasion by the Confederates!

Gettysburg Address

November 1863 at the cemetery 4 months after the Battle of Gettysburg.

Equality- All enslaved people in the Confederate states would be free.

The Union- He stated that the country was worth fighting for!

The Government- "The government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall be preserved!"

Gettysburg Address Quote

“...THAT FROM THESE HONORED DEAD WE TAKE INCREASED DEVOTION TO THAT CAUSE FOR WHICH THEY GAVE THE LAST FULL MEASURE OF DEVOTION;...”

Gettysburg Address!

How has his opinions changed after this battle!

Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address

With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan--to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations.

Main Points of Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address!

Equality- He stated that slavery perpetuated the war and he denounced slavery!

The Union- He fought for the restoration of peace and the Union!

The government- Lincoln stated that there were people trying to destroy the government, with or without war.

Lincoln's Speeches!

Compare his opinions on the three points from his 1st address to the 2nd address!

Practice Question

Summary Question

Review Topics

Fort Sumter

First Bull Run

Antietam

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg

Gettysburg Address

2nd Inaugural Address

The North Gains Control of the Mississippi River

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The War Ends

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The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

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Practice Question

Summary Question

Review Topics

Vicksburg

Surrender at Appomattox

Assassination of Lincoln

People of the Civil War

The North

Abraham Lincoln

16th President

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Ulysses S. Grant- General of the Union Army

He later becomes the 18th president!
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William T. Sherman- Union General

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Abolitionist- Ex-slave from Maryland, Adviser to President Lincoln

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Jefferson Davis- President of the Confederacy

His opinions

He considered states to have the right to freedom from an oppressive (or too controlling) government!
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Robert E. Lee- General of the Confederate Army

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"Stonewall" Jackson- General of the Confederate Army

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Other Significant Individuals

William Carney

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Medal of Honor- 1st African American to receive it!

William Harvey Carney (February 29, 1840–December 9, 1908) was an African American soldier during the American Civil War. In 1900, he was awarded the Medal of Honor for his gallantry during the Battle of Fort Wagner in 1863.

Henry David Thoreau

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Practice Question

Summary Question

Review Topics

Choose a person and write a review on them!

Congress Reaction to Dred Scott v. Sanford

The Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott was property but Congress disagreed with them and created this Constitutional Amendment:


The 13th Amendment!

"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place

subject to their jurisdiction."

Important Questions

How did the election of Abraham Lincoln further divide the US?

How did the ideas of Lincoln and Davis compare?

What event marked the beginning of the Civil War?

What was siginificant about the Emancipation Proclamation?

Question

What was the ruling in Dred Scott?

What does Congress say about that ruling?

Main Points of Lincoln's 1st Inaugural address!

Show evidence from his speech of these three concepts!

Equality- He promised he had not intent to abolish slavery!

The Union- He argued for the preservation of the Union!

The Government- He stated it was against the law to secede (leave) the Union!

Practice Question

Summary Question

Review Topics

Causes of the Civil War (3 S)

Anaconda Plan

Cotton Plan

Election of 1860

Abraham Lincoln

Jefferson Davis

Secession

Fort Sumter

First Bull Run

Antietam

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg

Speeches by Lincoln

Speeches by Davis

Vicksburg

Surrender at Appomattox

Assassination of Lincoln

Important People