Henry Hudson

Holden Knudsen

Background and Early Life

Henry Hudson's early life is mostly unknown but historians have concluded that he was born in England in the 1560's. He lived in the sea working on ships and working his way up to the point of being hired by the Muscovy Company in 1607.

Voyage 1 and Motivation

Henry Hudson was driven by gold because he was hired by the Muscovy Company and constantly argued with the company about his salary. On the first voyage Hudson was initially paid 110 pounds, but after Hudson initiated a salary with the company he was paid 130 pounds. On that voyage in 1607 he was told to travel to the north to adventure out into the north pole. He set out in the newly built Hopewell (pictured on the left) and set sails with his small crew. Sadly he only made it to Greenland because he said it was "impossible to overcome." Hudson returned to England in 1608

Voyages 2-3

In 1608 the Dutch East India Company chose Hudson to go on his second voyage. They instructed him to leave Amsterdam and go north of Russia into the arctic sea this time in a new ship the Halve Maen. They set sails and only made it to the island of North Zemlya because they had ran into to much ice and did not want to endanger the ship. Hudson set sails again in 1609 and went south to north america. He first encountered Chesapeake Bay then instead of exploring the coast he went north to Cape Cod and beyond. He and his crew then went back to England to settle for their next voyage.

Final Voyage, Mutiny, and death

On Hudson's final voyage he found funding from the British East India Company. They left in 1609 and went north again up to Iceland and continued west and coasted past the southern tip of Greenland. The crew continued to sail across the Pacific and entered a large bay in North America where they settled. The crew wanted to head back home instead of exploring more of the bay. This lead to an uprising and Hudson was left in North America where he later died in 1611.
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The bay where Henry Hudson died was later named Hudson Bay in his honor and is presently bordering Western Canada. Bridges, Towns, and even a county in New Jersey are all named after Hudson.