Type 1 Diabetes

Addy Gray and Maddie Hellwig

Biology of Type 1 Diabetes

In Type 1 diabetes the body doesn't produce enough insulin to match the amount of sugar in the blood. The glucose can't get into the cell and stays in the bloodstream. The insulin does not increase even though the glucose does. This is called hyperglycemia. When a person does not have enough glucose in the blood to keep the body running this is called, hypoglycemia. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in young children and young adults. People with type 1 diabetes can live long and healthful lives if they learn to manage the diabetes.

Basic Recommendations for Diabetic Diet

Type 1 diabetes it is recommended to make meal plans that monitor just exactly how much the body is taking in. This can include watching the Glycemic Index in a food to watch exactly how much their blood glucose will rise. It is recommended to not eat loads of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are good when needed and can be very important since this is what the body chooses to get its energy from but it can also be harmful in massive amounts. Carbohydrates in large portions can make the glucose level skyrocket. It is always better to find vegetable alternatives or health superfoods. These can include fruits. Processed food is not good for anyone and shouldn't be consumed unless needed. There are many foods still available for a person with diabetes to eat. It is all about what is finding what is right for their body and managing their glucose goes hand in hand with diet.

Role of Blood Sugar Monitoring and Adjustment

In Type 1 diabetes blood sugar monitoring is vital. Someone must watch their blood sugar at all times. Depending on the amount of sugar in the blood they might want to eat more or less that day. There are many types of ways to control the amount of glucose. One example is insulin injections. One option for getting insulin into the body to help regulate blood glucose is an insulin pump. Insulin pumps are put into the body with a small needle and insulin is injected around meal time. This is not an artificial pancreas but rather getting the insulin into the body when it needs it. Another option of insulin injections is the syringe. The syringe is filled with insulin from a bottle and then injected into the body.

Recommendations for exercise and lifestyle

Having Type 1 diabetes does not mean that you cannot exercise. When exercising they need to check their glucose before, during and after exercising. Not everyones blood glucose goes down in exercise, it is all about finding what fits their needs. If the blood glucose increases during exercise it is important to take certain precautions as well. If blood sugar runs high during exercise and there are ketones in the blood it is recommended to avoid all vigorous activity. If there are no ketones then it is fine to exercise as much as wanted or needed.

3 biomedical professionals

The three professionals that can help in the assistance of a diabetic are a nutritionist, primary care physician and a certified diabetic educator. First, a nutritionist can help a diabetic by offering meals and snacks that are safe to eat. They can offer what types of foods are safe to eat even in a young child who has type 1 diabetes. They help the family and child make sure what they eat is okay for a diabetic. Next, a primary care physician, they can diagnose or recommend who can help the person with diabetes. The physician can help the family understand what it is and help them find resources for understanding diabetes. Lastly, a certified diabetic educator, can help manage the diabetes of the person effected. They help optimize the health outcomes of the patient with diabetes. They offer support to the people effected by the diabetes.


Glycemic index and diabetes. (2014, May 14). Retrieved December 1, 2015, from American Diabetes Association website: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/understanding-carbohydrates/glycemic-index-and-diabetes.html

Insulin and other injectables. (2014, April 7). Retrieved December 1, 2015, from American Diabetes Association website: http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/medication/insulin/

Type 1 diabetes. (2015, February 9).

What is a certified diabetes educator? (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2015, from NCBDE website: http://www.ncbde.org/certification_info/what-is-a-cde/