Dante's Inferno: Cantos XIX-XXIII
Sid M., Jackie N., Rohan S., Kayla T.
Circle Eight, Bolgia Three
The Simoniacs: Those who sink to bribery in order to attain religious power and influence.
Simoniacs: Named after Simon Magus, who tried to bribe Saint Peter in order to have the power to give out the Holy Spirit to whomever he chooses.
Punishment: Placed in holes upside-down to have their feet burned, the size of the flame proportional to their sins.
Chief sinner: Pope Nicholas III. Lies in wait for Boniface VIII to take his place in hell, claiming Boniface is more corrupt.
Sinners: Pope Boniface (awaiting punishment), Pope Clement V (destined to be worse than both before him).
The original Simoniac. Offered gold in exchange for holy power to Saint Peter.
Destined to fall to hell for simony, much like Nicholas.
Pope Nicholas III
Simoniac who mistook Dante for Boniface VIII who he believes will take his place in Hell. Chief sinner in the pits as demonstrated by the height of the flames on his feet.
Canto XX: Circle Eight, Bolgia Four
The Fortune Tellers and Diviners: Those who attempted to see the future.
Punishment: The heads are twisted backward and tears fall on the backs of the sinners.
Dante feels pity for them, but Virgil scolds him saying that it is God's judgement.
Sinners: Amphiaraus, Tiresias, Aruns, Manto, Michael Scott, and Guido Bonatti.
Foresaw his own death. Attempted to escape, but to no avail.
Diviner and Magician. Transformed himself and snakes into women and back.
Was an astrologer. Used stars to advise war tactics.
Lived in the middle of nowhere and told fortunes.
Foretold a war between Pompey and Julius Caesar which would end in Caesar's victory.
Irish scholar of occult studies.
Canto XXI-XXII: Circle Eight, Bolgia Five
The Grafters: Extortionists and those who used money to attain political power.
Punishment: Submerged in boiling pits and held down by devils.
Sinners: Bonturo Dati, Senator of Lucca, Navarrese grafter, Friar Gomita of Gallura, Michel Zanche
Malacoda: "Evil Tail". He is the head of the malebranche in the fifth bolgia. Lies to Dante and Virgil about the state of the bridges in the sixth bolgia.
Malebranche: Hellken, Deaddog, Curlybeard, Grizzly, Grafter, Dragontooth,
Pigtusk, Catclaw, Cramper, Crazyred; sent as escorts for Dante and Virgil. The names of the devils indicate their physical characteristics.
Devils of the 5th Bolgia
Malebranche- "Evil Claws". The devils who guard the grafters.
Leader of the Malebranche.
Those who acquire money or power through unjust means.
Canto XXIII: Circle Eight, Bolgia Six
The Hypocrites: Those whose actions betray what they say or do.
Punishment: Forced to wear leaden robes while walking along a narrow path for eternity.
Chief sinner: Caiaphas, High Priest of Jews, who counseled the Pharisees to crucify Jesus.
Laid out crucified on the ground, must be used as a bridge to cross.
Sinners: Jovial Friars- an order of monks who acquired a reputation for not fulfilling their vows.
High Priest responsible for the crucifixion of Jesus.
Caiaphas is crucified on the ground and then trampled as punishment for his sins.
Military monks in Bologna supposed to uphold peace and protect the weak but instead are self-seeking and rarely made good on their vows.
like a mother wakened by a midnight noise
to find a wall of flame at her bedside
(who takes her child and runs, and more concerned
for him than for herself, does not pause even
to throw a wrap about her) raised me, turned,
and down the rugged bank from the high summit..."