By Nathan Blue

Brief History

~The Italian peninsula shows evidence of habitation by anatomically modern humans as early as 43,000 years ago.
~The peninsula was considered the heart of the Roman Empire until Emperor Constantine moved the capitol to Constantinople in 330 AD.
~Formation of the modern Italian state began in 1861, but the north and south of the peninsula would not be truly unified until 1870.
~Sided with the Axis Powers in World War II effective 1939
~Joined the United Nations in 1955
~Helped to found the European Union in 1957, adopting the Euro in 1999

Italian Economy

~Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone, and the eighth largest worldwide.
~The economy is very diversified, divided in to a developed, industrial north dominated by private companies and a less-developed, highly subsidized, agricultural south.

Facts About Italy

Timeline of Events in the UN

~1998~ Jul 17, In Rome UN delegates from more than 100 countries overwhelmingly approved (120-7) a historic treaty, the Statute of Rome, creating the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal, with jurisdiction over individuals, ignoring strenuous U.S. objections over certain provisions. It was to be located in the Hague with 18 judges from 18 countries serving 9 year terms. It still required ratification by 60 countries to become effective. The vote passed 120 to 7 with 21 abstentions. The US, China, Iraq, Israel, Libya, Qatar and Yemen voted against the International Criminal Court Treaty (ICC). In 2002 the US moved to withdraw its signature.
~2003~ Dec 12, A UN conference on climate control closed in Milan, Italy. Many countries planned to go ahead with their Kyoto Protocol commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
~2006~ Oct 16, Guatemala topped Venezuela in the first round of voting for a UN Security Council seat, but it failed to get the necessary two-thirds majority to win a two-year term on the decision-making body. The 192-nation General Assembly elected South Africa, Indonesia, Italy and Belgium for the four other open seats in a secret ballot.
~2008~ Jun 5, In Italy a 3-day UN summit aimed at fighting hunger worldwide ended with pledges to boost food output, calls to cut trade barriers and more research on biofuels. Just be-fore the meeting Saudi Arabia announced a donation of $500 million.
~2011~ Mar 29, The UN refugee agency says over 2,000 people have arrived in Italy from Libya by boat since March 26 and more are believed to be en route.