Labor Movement

By: Leslie Kwok

Background Information

  • Labor movement is groups of worker who tried to improve their economic position

  • Such as wages, hours, working condition, and job security

  • People formed union because as a group they have a greater bargaining power
  • Most union members were nonagricultural laborers
  • Highest percentage of union member were from construction, manufacturing, mining, transportation industries
  • Child labor
  • Labor movement grew as industrialization rose
  • U.S. labor movement began in late 19th century
  • The labor movement got strength from employers
  • Political party and other group played part

Events

  • Mid-1800's: first nationwide labor organization was developed
  • 1869: Knights of Labor - The largest American labor organization, formed in Philadelphia
  • 1892: Homestead Strike of 1892 - workers strike after the company reduced its wages
  • 1914: Clayton Antitrust Act was passed - protect labors' right to strike and bargain
  • 1921: Yellow-log contracts - threatened workers not to join an union
  • 1929: The Great Depression - millions of worker lost their jobs
  • 1932: Norris La Guardia Act - outlaw the yellow-dog contracts
  • 1933: National Industrial Recovery Act - gave labor movement legal right to bargain collectively
  • 1935: National Labor Relations Act - approved labors' right to organize, bargain collectively, and strike
  • 1938: Fair Labor Standards Act - created a minimum wage, forbidden most child labor, and authorized a 44-hour sorkweek

Effects of Protest

Before:

  • Long hours
  • Low wages
  • Child labor - children work long hour in dangerous factory conditions
  • Dangerous working condition
  • Poor were forced to work under any condition
  • Cannot determine their own working condition, time, pay

After:

  • End of child labor - Child labor Law was written
  • 8 hours work day
  • Higher wages
  • Safe working condition
  • Establish the legal right of workers to form unions
  • Legal right for collectively bargain for wages
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Assessment Question

The participants demonstrated their believe system through their protests by forming unions, as a group they showed people about their believe of having a higher wages, a safer condition for work, and ending the child labor. They fought for their believes, as a group they are trying to establish their right of having a safe working place, a decent wage, and a less working time.