Oman

Country Basics

This page is about the middle eastern country called Oman. Oman's capital city is Muscat. Green represents fertility, and the white represents peace.

Geography

Oman is on the country of Asia. It is surrounded by Yemen, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates. Two main bodies of water nearby include the Gulf of Persia, and the Gulf of Oman. A nearby physical feature are the Hajar Mountains. A point of interest includes the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque. The total amount of expressways alone in Oman is about two thousand kilometers of roads, which is one way how the Omani people change their environment.

Government

Oman has an Absolute Monarchy. The leader in Oman is called the Sultan. The current Sultan's name is Quaboos bin Said al Said. The next ruler is chosen by the royal family within three days of the Sultan's death. The citizens do not have rights, and cannot speak out against the government.

Economy

Oman is the fifth richest Muslim country. They use and . Oman's main export is oil. Their average life expectancy is 79.9 years old. Their GDP is 81.8 billion dollars. They get their water mainly from wells, and groundwater, but they also use the coastal waters. Their average literacy rate is 91.1% of the total population.

Culture

Oman is a Muslim country. The traditional dress for Omani men is a disdasha. The Omani language is Arabic. Being a coastal city, things like music and food and entertainment are brought from other Middle Eastern countries. Some Omani holidays include Al Israa Wal Maraj, and Eid al Fitr. Omani food, like their music and entertainment, is a mixture of several different counties. Their food usually contains fish, chicken, and lamb, with staples of rice.

Climate

26 days per year with rainfall. The climate is not extreme, as the average monthly high and lows only varying about 10 degrees. The average, year-round, highs and lows combined is 28.6 degrees Celsius. It is generally sunny.

History

Oman (and Yemen) could trade easily with countries like Persia, so Oman was a wealthier country than most. In the sixth century BCE, Oman was under control of either the Persian Empire, or rulers of Yemen, until the arrival of Islam 1200 years later. Oman's trading position is a contributing factor to why it is wealthy. The invasions of Persia and Yemen probably were a factor of different cultures being practiced.

Comparing and Contrasting

Clothing is different in the U.S. and Oman. The men there wear disdasha, which are basically long robes, but in America, the men where t-shirts and shorts. In Oman, it is frowned upon to wear shorts. In both countries, people wear business clothes, and you can wear regular pants.


In the United States, we eat beef. In Oman, they eat mostly chicken, fish, and lamb, which we also eat in America. In America, we also eat pork. In Oman, they also make camel-milk chocolate.