Early Ojibwe


Maple Sugar~Ziinzibaakwad

The early Ojibwe moved to maple sugar camps in the spring. Here, they reunited with family and friends that they had not seen all winter long. They repaired and built lodges that were used as homes and work places. The task of making maple syrup and sugar was very demanding. As the sugar was made, it was stored in birchbark containers to be used throughout the year.

Canoe Making

Springtime was also the time to make birch bark canoes. Everyone, young and old helped to make a canoe. The frame of the canoe was made from cedar and then the birch bark covering was sown on with spruce root twine. The boat was then sealed with spruce gum.