First Amendment

Jace Githens

As in the Consitution

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

In my own words

The freedom of speech and religion as well as the right to petition and to assemble.

History of the First Amendment

The first amendment was made to set the base for the bill of rights. Britain's government limited the peoples rights and the first amendment was to open up the peoples rights. It originally limited the federal government.

Branzburg V. Hayes - 1972

The Supreme Court ruled that there is no first amendment- based privilege allowing journalists to refuse to disclose evidence. Court acknowledged that news-gathering is protected by the first amendment.


The court's decision was that news reporters were guilty and they had illegally broke their agreement with the source. an example given is that a journalist must follow the laws even if it might interfere with news collection.


Constitutional Amendments: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. 3 vols. Detroit: UXL, 2008. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.

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