water frame

the improvment on the spining jenny

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who is the inventor?

Sir Richard Arkwright, (born Dec. 23, 1732, Preston, Lancashire, Eng.—died Aug. 3, 1792, Cromford, Derbyshire), textile industrialist and inventor whose use of power-driven machinery and employment of a factory system of production were perhaps more important than his inventions. partner: Jebediah Strutt.
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the inventions purpose, where did it occur, and when.

water frame, In textile manufacture, a spinning machine powered by water that produced a cotton yarn suitable for warp (lengthwise threads). Patented in 1769 by R. Arkwright, it represented an improvement on James Hargreaves’s spinning jenny, which produced weaker thread suitable only for weft (filling yarn).On December 20, 1790, water-powered machinery for spinning and carding cotton was set in motion in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Based on the designs of English inventor Richard Arkwright, a mill was built by Samuel Slater on the Blackstone River. The Slater mill was the first American factory to successfully produce cotton yarn with water-powered machines. Slater was a recent English immigrant who apprenticed Arkwright's partner, Jebediah Strutt.

why is there a need for it?

Richard Arkwright patented the spinning frame or water frame that could produce stronger threads for yarns. The first models were powered by waterwheels so the device came to be first known as the water frame.

It was the first powered, automatic, and continuous textile machine and enabled the move away from small home manufacturing towards factory production of textiles. The water frame was also the first machine that could spin cotton threads.

who does it work why is it important

The first models were powered by waterwheels so the device came to be first known as the water frame.

It was the first powered, automatic, and continuous textile machine and enabled the move away from small home manufacturing towards factory production of textiles. The water frame was also the first machine that could spin cotton threads

Inventions

Due to legal patent problems, Richard Arkwright isn't legally credited to inventing the spinning frame (or water frame), he's still known for being the inventor. He is the one who finished it and used it, but he did not come up with the original idea. it was based on an invention by Thomas Highs, and the idea was sold to him by John Kay, a mechanic who helped Thomas Highs build early revisions of the frame. The spinning frame used many new mechanical inventions (such as draw rollers by Lewis Paul) and spun cotton into threads. It was too large to be operated by men, and many different methods were experimented with to power it, such as horse power. Eventually a water wheel was used and the invention was renamed the water frame. Richard is also known for his carding engine, an improvement from Lewis Pauls' original. The new carding engine could convert raw cotton buds into a continues string of cotton which could be easily spun into yarn. The water frame along and carding engine helped spark the mass production of textiles during the early revolution.

bib.

https://sites.google.com/a/imagineprep.com/theindustrialrevolution/inventors/richard-arkwright

"water frame." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/473591>.