Johannes Gutenberg

Gutenberg' Life

Johannes Gutenberg was born February 23, 1395 in Mainz, Germany. He was part of the goldsmith guild. His family was exiled in 1428 because craftsmen revolted against the noble class. Gutenberg moved to Strassburg in 1430 where he stayed until 1444. While being in Strassburg he started experimenting in printing. He was familiar in xyolography which is the process to make books in Europe. Later on typography became easier for text printing because instead of using wood carving, a small block used for each character as well as sign. Johann Fust provided Gutenberg with 800 guilders and the printing plant. Fust and Gutenberg has some disagreements and Fust ended with all of Gutenberg's work. In 1462 Fust's printing office was set on fire and everything was lost. Reports say that Johann Gutenberg became blind the last months still living in Mainz. He died in St. Victor's parish in Mainz on February 3, 1468.

"Johann Gutenberg." Encyclopedia of World Biography. N.p., 12 Dec. 1998. Web. 3 Feb. 2014.

Great Accomplishments and Impacts on Society

Great Accomplishments

Gutenberg's great accomplishment was the printing press which revolutionized the world by making communication easier to spread throughout the words in print. The first printed book was the Bible or known as the "Gutenberg Bible" was printed in 1455 and there was 42 lines in each page of the Bible. It had good technical quality and it became a great accomplishment from the hand written manuscript which was the common method at that time period.

Impacts on Society

With the invention of the printing press, Gutenberg led the way to the printing revolution and creation of other printing machines like the printer.

Johannes Gutenberg Biography

Facts about Gutenberg

1. He has a University named after him in Germany.

2. There is about only 21 left existing Gutenberg bibles and one of them is likely around $30 million

3. The original bible sold for about 30 florins

4. Johann Fust left Gutenberg in bankruptcy

5.There is also a museum in his honor in Germany