Blackfoot Indian Tribe

By Eric Rogers and Alec Lightner

Eastern Woodlands

The Blackfoot Tribe lived in the Eastern woodlands. The Blackfoot lived in cone-shaped houses called teepees. Their Tribe leader was Crowfoot. The Blackfoot Tribe was a nomadic tribe. There population was over 25,000 people. The medicine that they used was called a medicine bundle. The medicine bundle healed, renewed, or provided. The men were in charge of hunting for food and fighting to protect the village and its people. The women, on the other hand were in charge of the house work such as cleaning, cooking, and taking care of the children. They traded with their allies the Canadians. The items they traded were fish, berries, buffalo skins, ground squirrel, and elk. The language they spoke was Algonquin and the tribe lived around 1750 and still exist today.


Food That They Consumed

Old Man

The Story Of Old Man

The Blackfoot tribe believed they were created by a spirit named Old Man. The story of "Old Man" begins with him in the middle of a flooded wasteland of water. He was on a raft with all the animals. Old Man wished to make land and he told a Beaver to dive down to the bottom of the ocean to get some mud. The beaver was under water a longtime. But he could not reach the bottom. Then the loon tried. After him was the otter. But the water was to deep for them at last the muskrat was sent down. The animal was gone for so long they thought he drowned. But finally he came up from under the water with mud almost dead. Old Man picked up the mud he scattered it all over the water then land was formed. This is the story told by Blackfoot. It is very much like one told by some eastern Indians, who are related to Blackfoot.

Tools And Weapons

They made their tools out of buffalo horns and bones. The tools and weapons they made were spoons and forks. The weapons they made were guns, bows, lances, axes, and war clubs so that they could have weapons to kill the buffalo and to defend themselves.


Crowfoot was born around 1830 near the belly river in southern Alberta. As a child he was known as "shot-close" or "Astohkomi". His father passed away at a early age and his mother remarried into the Blackfoot tribe. He demonstrated his leadership skills early on. As a teenager he became to accompany older warriors on raids against enemy tribes. Crowfoot fought in many battles and amassed a great wealth in horses. He had four children. He died around April 25, 1890.
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