What is a cell?
Reproduction of Cells
Prokaryotes reproduce by a process that is called binary fission. The DNA in such cells is contained in a single circular chromosome called a plasmid within the cytoplasm. The reproductive process starts with the replication of the chromosome. The cell then fissions and forms two daughter cells.
Eukaryotes reproduce through the phases the interphase and cell division. During the interphase, the cell takes in nutrients, grows, and duplicates its chromosomes. During the cell division phase, the nucleus divides in a process called mitosis and then the divided nuclei are established in separate cells in a process called cytokinesis.