Justinian Empire

By Andres Beteta and Prashan Jeyrajah


All throughout the coast of the Mediterranean Sea including Sicily Peninsula, Greece, Turkey, and Northern Africa. Known as the Roman Empire.

Justinian I

  • Reign- 527A.D. to 565 A.D.
  • Born - c. 484 Byzantine Dardania
  • Death - 565 A.D. In constantinople, he was 82 years old.
  • The Emperor that wanted to shape the empire and reconquer the western half of rome again. He also provided a set of laws that made some clear and simple guidelines for the Roman Empire.
  • He ruled while the Black Plague was going on, the Black plague was known as the Justinian Plague because the townspeople were getting infected while he was reigning.
  • He was educated at Constantinople.
  • Justinian was considered a saint among Christians due to his peacefulness and the work he did the keep the people in unity.

About his Reign

Justinian was very respected by the nation. He was best known for being very peaceful and he made the civilization the best it could have possibly been. He kept power for quite some time because people were content under his reign. He kept the unity of the people, and changing the empire for the better was his main idea. He acted out plans to expand the nation very often and that made the people happy. He made the Justinian codes which was the perfect thing to keep the nation unified.
Justinian the Great

Justinian Code

Justinian Code- The Emperor wanted the laws to be simple and clear.
The composition of the code was:
1.Codex-The literal laws and what to follow
2.Digest/Pandects - The summary of the common laws and the code for judges.
3.The Institutes- The introduction to the law, intended for law students.

These laws kept the people unified and very looked very high upon by the whole nation. The laws actually helped Justinian gain a lot of respect from religious groups including Christians especially. They really admired his laws and thought of Justinian as a peaceful saintly man.

Areas of Law/ People intended for.

Public Law- The law for the government and what they had to follow. These laws kept the people secure and made it possible for the government to be changed up due to malpractice. The government had to follow these laws and the people enforced a lot of them. But the people also had to follow these laws in order to keep the nation well.
Private Law- The law that the people had to follow. Each individual had to follow these laws or they would be persecuted. The law would have many ways to punish the people including killing, maiming, and imprisoning. These laws are similar to the laws that we have to follow, such as not stealing from a grocery store. These laws are very relate able to us in the present day.
natural law- the law the earth and all that inhabits follows. These laws very basically the laws that everyone and thing had to follow. But there was no punishment for not following them. They were basically a moral set of laws and if one decided to disobey one it would be more frowned upon than illegal. These laws more science and moral than the actual laws. These b

asically the set standards of morals.

law of nations- where they remain equal among nations. The government and people made sure to keep content with other nations and they wanted to keep peace with them. These laws kept the Empire from becoming too despotic and prevented a lot of conflicts with others.
civil law- The law where people appoint the government. This law kept people from accusing the government of stuff.

Essential Questions

1.What is significance of Justinian I’s conquering of the Mediterranean?

2. How did the culture of the area get affected by Justinian I’s Empire?