Roman War Strategies and Weapons

By Zubin Gu

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Roman soldiers are throwing spears at their enemies before charging at them


Rome was one of the biggest empires of its time. But how? This feature article tells what weapons and strategies Rome used to conquer such a big empire of 1.062 million square miles.
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Roman Geography

Geography also had a huge role in protecting the Roman empire as well as the army. The Alps made invading Rome by land difficult and the rest of Rome was surrounded by water making it a ideal place to settle from invaders.

Roman Weapons

Roman Siege Weapons

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Battering Ram

Essentially a huge log with a sharp metal spike on wheels, soldiers would push battering rams into enemy gates to try and breach it. Once they broke down the doors, they would kill all men inside, take woman and children as slaves, and strip the place of anything valuable that they might want.

Roman Strategies

Battle Formations

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Formation #7

If the Romans were weak and were outnumbered, formation #7 was their only hope of winning. The left flank was protected by whatever was available such as a city or natural structure such as a mountain or water. The right side was protected by cavalry so they had little fear of being flanked and the enemy would be forced to attack them in the center where it was the strongest.


The Romans were cunning and sly as a fox from the start. They settled where they were sheltered from enemies, made powerful weapons, and came up with crafty tactics to win and build a empire. But after the Pax Romana, Germanic people may have trapped and utterly destroyed Rome, but its legacy still lives on with us.


Ancient Rome. New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2010. Print.

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