Lung Cancer

Amber Jones - 4/8/16

What does Lung Cancer effect?

Lung Cancer is the number one killing cancer in the world. Lung cancer can start anywhere in the lungs and can effect any part of the respiratory system, which makes it very deadly. It will only effect the cells in the lungs within an individual.

(Source: http://www.webmd.com/lung-cancer/tc/lung-cancer-what-happens)

The symptoms of Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer symptoms often occur within the chest area; also may occur elsewhere in your body.


The symptoms that occur in the chest are:


  • Intense coughing
  • Pain in your chest, back, or shoulder
  • Changes in volume of sputum
  • Shortness of breath
  • Changes in your voice (hoarse)
  • Harsh breath sounds
  • Recurrent lung problems also know as Bronchitis, Pneumonia
  • Coughing up mucus or blood



The symptoms that may occur elsewhere in the body are:


  • Loss of appetite (unexplained weight loss)
  • Cachexia ( muscle wasting)
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches, bone, or joint pain
  • Neurological symptoms
  • Facial or neck swelling
  • Bone fractures that are not caused by an accidental injury
  • General Weakness
  • Bleeding or blood clots


(Source: http://www.lungcancer.org/find_information/publications/163-lung_cancer_101/266-symptoms)

Causes of Lung Cancer

  • Smoking is the main factor of this cancer. Over 80% of Lung Cancer deaths are smokers, and second hand smokers can face death as well. Tobacco is the drug use that is so deadly because it holds over 4000 chemicals. Cigar smoking counts, too.
  • Asbestos Fiber can cause this cancer too. This is a fiber that can persist a lifetime in lung tissue.
  • Radon gas
  • Passive smoking
  • HIV infection
  • Environmental risk factors


It is suspected that this cancer can be inherited, but it is more likely to be caused by smoking, or sometimes other health issues that are cause by human actions (listed above)

(Source: http://www.webmd.com/lung-cancer/guide/lung-cancer-causes and http://www.cancer.gov/types/lung/patient/lung-prevention-pdq#section/_12)

Lung Cancer Prevention

  • Not smoking or quitting
  • Lower exposure to workplace risk factors
  • Lower exposure of radon


There are other factors that are being studied whether or not they help prevent Lung Cancer.

(Source: http://www.cancer.gov/types/lung/patient/lung-prevention-pdq#section/_12)

How is this cancer treated?

Small Cell Lung Cancer is often treated with chemotherapy. Surgery isn't normally suitable because this cancer spreads so fast that it has is assumed to spread at the time of diagnosis, and surgery can not cure that.


Non Small Cell Lung Cancer can be treated with chemotherapy, surgery, or therapy.

(Source: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/lung-cancer/treatment/which-treatment-for-lung-cancer)

How is Lung Cancer Diagnosed?

Lung Cancer is diagnosed with a CT scan or sometimes an X-Ray. If you have symptoms and confront your doctor about it, you will most likely take a Biopsy (tissue sample) and that will most likely determine if you have Lung Cancer, or any other type of cancer.

(Source: https://www.google.com/#q=How+is+lung+cancer+diagnosed)

How many and What Type of People Are Likely To Have The Disorder?

Smokers are more likely to get lung cancer, although, there is a research that non-smokers could get lung cancer, but are less likely too. Non-smoking males are more likely to get this cancer than females. Lung cancer can be inherited, but smoking can run in families too; therefore it's not considered "inherited" at first. The average age of getting lung cancer is 70 years old and lung cancer is the number one killing cancer.

(Source: http://www.health.harvard.edu/family_health_guide/lung-cancer-not-just-for-smokers and http://www.cancer.org/cancer/lungcancer-non-smallcell/detailedguide/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-key-statistics)

Application of Research Article

During this research I learned a lot of new information. Before I researched I thought just anyone could get lung cancer, until I learned that lung cancer victims are more likely to be smokers or be second-hand smokers. I also learned that lung cancer is the number one killing cancer.
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