Spain: Land of Churros and Paellas

By Sarah Abraham and Kaila Butler in 1st period

Where is it?

Spain is in Europe next to France and Portugal. Madrid is the Capital of Spain. The absolute location of Spain is at 40 degrees 25' N, 3 degrees 42'.

Why Does It Get Hot And Cold, Sunny And Snowy?

These changes in weather throughout the year are by seasons. Seasons are caused by the Earth's rotational tilt towards or away from the Sun. Spain has four seasons. It has hot and sunny summer. Autumn is windy. Spring has long, warm days and cool nights. The winters are dry and it doesn't snow.

Climate Types: There are three climate types in Spain

10 Cool Landmarks

1-Cantabrian Mountains

The mountain range was formed by two plates in the ground rubbing together forming mountains.

2-Tagus Valley

This river valley formed when rain accumulated in a dip in the land. The dip is formed by erosion.

3- Gulf of Cadiz

This gulf was formed when the ocean penetrated the land. This happens when the ground of the ocean overlaps the ground on land.

4- Guadiana Valley

It was formed by rain that filled up a dip. The dip was formed by erosion between plates in the ground on land.

5- Pyrenees Mountains

It was created by two plates in the ground rubbing together.

6-Guadalquivir River

This river was formed by water filling up a scoop in the land. The scoop was formed by erosion, sometimes between 2 plates in the ground.

7- Balearic and Canary Islands

These islands were formed by the Mediterranean Sea. Detached pieces of Spain were brought into the water.

8- Mediterranean Sea

This sea was formed when Pangea, which is Earth with no continents, broke apart making a piece of the ocean to be left somewhere else.

9- Duero Valley

This river was man made by the Spaniards, it is one of the major rivers used to transport wine barrels. Since it was man made, nothing physical formed it.

10- Meseta Central Plateau

This plateau was formed by the mountains close by. They rimmed the plateau. It was formed when one tectonic plate overlaps another, making a higher elevated, flat piece of land.

What Biome is Spain?

There is only one biome in Spain, the temperate deciduous forest. A temperate deciduous forest has four distinct seasons and the land is very fertile because it rains a lot. Since Spain is not close to the South Pole or the North Pole, it is not always cold or hot. The plants in this biome are strong and green. The Brown Bear is a common animal in Spain. There are tall Oak and Beech trees. Since Spain has mountainous areas, it is not rare to see a goat. The tall trees get their nutrients in the intense rainy periods and they get their energy from the intense sunny periods. If Spain were to change in its climate, then the plants would die and the animals would have to either migrate or adapt. The climate in Spain supports the plants and animals.

Drought and Wildfires

Spain has gone through multiple natural disasters. Recently there was a drought in Spain. Thousands of jobs in agriculture are at risk. The drought arose because it did not rain for a long time. There was also a wildfire in Spain. It was caused by the dry weather of the drought. This wildfire destroyed many homes and many people had to leave the area. This called for aid by the Spanish government and costed a lot of money to repair the area and help all the people.


Here is a little thank-you to all the websites that helped us learn so much about Spain!

"Climate of Spain." Ancient / Classical History - Ancient Greece & Rome & Classics Research Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.

"EARTHFORCE." The Franklin Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013. <>.

"Earth Snapshot • Gulf of Cádiz." Earth Snapshot. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013. <>.

"Political Map of Europe -" Your Europe Map. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013

"Spain latitude longitude and relative location hemisphere." World Atlas Atlas of the World including Geography Facts, Maps, Flags - N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013. <

"Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome." VT Forest Biology and Dendrology. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.