Manufactured Fibers

Synthetic Fibers

What are Manufactured Fibers?

Manufactured Fibers are man-made, or synthetic. They are created by combining various substances with chemicals.

Creation of Manufactured Fibers

  1. Solid raw materials and chemicals are melted or dissolved. Th is forms a thick liquid.
  2. The thick liquid is pushed through the tiny holes of a machine called a spinneret, which then forms filaments. Filaments are long, continuous fibers.
  3. The filaments are finally stretched, hardened, and then crimped and/or cut to length.

Types

Cellulose:

  • Made from the cellulose from plants, and are changed to usable fibers by using chemicals. Ex. Wood Pulp

Non-Cellulose:

  • Made from petrochemical mixtures. Including crude oil, natural gas, air, and water.

Examples: