South America

By: Jared Foley

Major Tribes

  • Andean
  • Awa-Kwaiker
  • Aymara, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
  • Cañari
  • Capulí culture
  • Cerro Narrio
  • Chachapoyas
  • Chachilla
  • Aztecs

The Creation Story's

In the most ancient of times the earth was covered in darkness. Then, out of a lake called Collasuyu, the god Con Tiqui Viracocha emerged, bringing some human beings with him. Then Con Tiqui created the sun, the moon and the stars to light the world. It is from Inti that the Inca, emperor of Tahuantisuyo, is descended. Out of great rocks Con Tiqui fashioned more human beings, including women who were already pregnant. Then he sent these people off into every comer of the world. He kept a male and female with him at Cuzco.
Another story is that Con, the Creator was in the form of a man without bones. He filled the earth with good things to supply the needs of the first humans. The people, however, forgot Con's goodness to them and rebelled. So he punished them by stopping the rainfall. The miserable people were forced to work hard, drawing what little water they could find from stinking, drying riverbeds. Then a new god, Pachachamac, came and drove Con out, changing his people into monkeys. Pachachamac then took earth and made the ancestors of human beings.

Way of Life

Religion

The Inca are an ancient South American people that had their own distinct set of religious beliefs. They were a pagan religion, much like that of Greece or Rome in that they worshipped many different Gods. Most of these gods centered on nature and its cycles since planting and harvesting were the source of continued life to their culture.

Government

The king or emperor was chosen, however, from among members of the royal family, whether brothers or nephews of the preceding sovereign, by the four appointed electors. He was installed with barbaric splendour, a main feature of the event being the great sacrifice of human beings in the Teocalli—that diabolical custom which ever robs the Aztecrégime of the dignity of any appellation beyond that of semi-civilisation.

Social Structure

the study of the past particularly the written record, oral histories, and traditions, passed down from generation to generation on the continent of south american. South America has a history that has a wide range of human cultures and forms of civilization. They mainly relied on trade and a barter system

Achievements

The Aztecs developed a number of innovations that helped them survive and allowed their culture to thrive, including floating gardens to grow food, mandatory education for children, a game similar to soccer, herbal medicines and bright red fabric dye. The Aztec culture also produced a highly-organized system of government and a language,

Map and data points of where the peoples live

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