The Recollections

September 20, 1928

Kellogg Briand Pact

Today's story is about a historic document signed mere months ago.

The pact is a document in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve disputes, regardless of any nature or origin they may be, which may arise among them.

Parties failing to abide by this promise would be denied from bennifiting from this treaty, and thus, just as venerable to an open war as they had been before the signing.

It was signed by Germany, France, and the United States on August 27, and by most other nations soon after. Sponsored by France and the U.S., the Pact renounces the use of war and calls for the peaceful settlement of disputes.

With this document in place, there are sure to be peaceful times ahead of us.

By Grant Garcia and Alexander Terrell

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Table Of Contents

1. Nativism

2. Politics

3. Court Cases

4. Scopes Monkey Trial

5. Innovations

6. Letter to the Editor

7. Political Cartoon and Analysis


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What Is It?

Interesting question. Nativism is the concept of the population of a country defending the interest of the natives of their own nation against those of foreigners. In other words, it means to preserve our way of life.

It surfaces to defend against the feeling of being invaded. When our ports are filled with the people from other lands, eager to work for a new life.

And many people have greeted them with resentment and prejudice, feeling as if their employers no longer need them when a much cheaper labor force is available to them.

This, dear reader, is Nativism. Wanting America for Americans, and only Americans. And this concept has caused numerous political events in recent times.

One such event was the Emergency Quota Act in 1921. The high boost in nativism in the U.S. and a strong immigration pull caused the government to pass the act, limiting how many immigrants could come her

A more ancient example would be the Chinese Exclusion Act, way back in 1884. The political protest to the immigrants 'stealing jobs' became so great that the politicians decided to cut the issue off at the head: They stopped allowing individuals from the U.S.'s largest source of immigrants, China, in, largely curbing the flow of these workers, as well as unfortunately trapping some of them here.


One of the ugliest ways that Nativism has reared its ugly head would be in the form of the Klu Klux Klan, a radical nativist group opposed to everything from black to Jews to immigrants. They had existed as a group for a while, but re-emerged recently in the early 20's, using terrorist tactics to intimidate their targets.

There is a fine line between patriotism and nativism. Defending the U.S. way of life is not a bad thing. The,+Immigration+Restrictions,+and+the+Red+Scare,+Immigration+Restrictions,+and+the+Red+Scare

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The Political Arena

Today on the page of politicalitics are some very interesting things:

Warren G. Harding - 29th president of the United States Harding’s presidency was overshadowed by the criminal activities of some of his cabinet members and other government officials

Teapot Dome Scandal - (Oil Reserves Scandal) The Teapot Dome scandal of the 1920s involved national security, big oil companies and bribery and corruption at the

highest levels of the government.

Kellogg Briand Pact - Kellogg Briand Pact was one of many efforts to prevent another World War, but it had some effect stopping rapid growth of militarism.

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Battles in The Court

Red Scare - During the Red Scare of 1920 most people in the United States feared new immigrants, mainly people who took on communist, socialist, or anarchist ideology started the cause.

Palmer Raids - These raids conducted by the U.S. Department of Justice in 1920 was an attempt to arrest foreign anarchists, communists, and radical leftists, many were falsely deported. The raids, fueled social unrest helping spark World War 1, and were “led by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer and are viewed as the climax of that era’s so called Red Scare.”

Sacco & Vanzetti - “Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian-born US anarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the armed robbery of the Slater and Morrill Shoe Company, committed April 15, 1920, in South Braintree, Massachusetts, United States, and were executed by the electric chair seven years …”

Schenck vs. United States - “The case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on March 3, 1919, that the freedom of speech protection afforded in the U.S. Constitution’s First Amendment could be restricted if the words spoken or printed represented to society a “clear and present danger.”

Vocab: Paymaster - an official who pays troops or workers.

Scopes Monkey Trial

John Scopes -Scopes Evolution Trial or the Scopes Monkey trial, started on July 10th, 1925. John Thomas Scopes, was a high school coach and substitute teacher who had been charged with violating the Butler Act by teaching the theory of evolution in his classes. The Butler Act banned the teaching of any theory that denied the biblical story of Creationism. By teaching that we men had descended from apes, the theory of

evolution, Scopes was charged with breaking the law.

The participants were Clarence Darrow, best known for defending teenage thrill killers Leopold and Loeb in their trial for murdering 14-year-old Robert "Bobby" Franks in 1924, and William Jennings, who defend this murder and was known for a few cases before taking this job. He tried to prove that the suspect was not guilty for killing 14-year-old Robert “Bobby” Franks.

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Jazz Age - The Jazz Age was a post World War I movement in the 1920's, from which jazz music and dance emerged. Although the era ended with the beginning of The Great Depression in the 1930's, jazz has lived on in American pop culture.

Henry Ford - more than any other single individual, he was responsible for transforming the automobile from an invention of unknown utility into an innovation that has shaped our world profoundly and will continue to change it for years to come.

Literature - The 1920s was a moving decade described by enormous change. The art, literature and popular culture of the decade were changing the way people wrote books and poems or anything of that sort was flip 180 degrees. The best was to describe this is they experimented with different types of art in literature and topics people never wrote about or helping guides on life even.

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Letter to the Editor

Dear Editors

I think you did a fine job creating this magazine. I would like your opinion on the prohibition, how it is affecting America, and what normal people like us have to do with it. Thank you for time if you choose to respond.

- Udre Duress

Political Cartoon and Analysis

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The cartoon pretty much explains itself. Don't use overkill when it could be harmful to you.

Completing an objective is important, yes, but so is how you go about it. If you try to swat a fly on your forehead with a sledgehammer, chances are that the fly will outlive you. There needs to be calm, rational thought to a problem and a reasonable solution.