Tundra Biome Project
Tundra Biome Description
General Characteristics: It is the coldest and the driest of all of the Biomes. The Tundra is so close to the north pole that summer days are 24 hours long. In the summer the soil becomes soggy and stinks to the ground that is called Permafrost.
Tundra Abiotic Factors
Temperature: It never gets any higher than 45-50ºF. Winter temperatures don't get any higher than 20-30ºF. The latitudinal range is 75º N to 65º N.
Precipitation: The total number of Precipitation is up to 6-10 inches of rain each year which includes melted snow.
Plants: You may think that plants can't survive in harsh weather,some can. They live in harsh permafrost soil so the plants group together to resist winds and to be protected.
They can survive in the cold because of it's silky hairs to keep it warm.
It grows close to the ground to the ground to keep it warm from high winds and storms.
Diamond Leaf Willow
Just like other plants that live in the Tundra it grows close to the ground and it keeps warm by it's shallow roots.
Polar Bears love to eat fresh, Fatty meat. Fatty foods might not be good for humans,but Polar Bears need the energy to survive the cold Tundra.
Arctic Foxes can survive the Tundra because their round compact bodies allow heat. Also their muscles, ears, and short legs also conserves heat.
Caribou are part of a deer family. Their thick fur coats keep them warm. They eat moss, lichens and green plants. They travel in groups across the Arctic in large herds.
Ecological Concerns of issues
Human Impacts: Many sailors over hunt musk oxen for food and clothing, also many people are moving in to oil mines, they are also towns and roads are being used for the increased population.