Tundra Biome Project

By:Claire Larson

Tundra Biome Description

Location: Tundra is located in the Arctic Circle which surrounds the North Pole,There are many locations,Antarctica, and Alaska.

General Characteristics: It is the coldest and the driest of all of the Biomes. The Tundra is so close to the north pole that summer days are 24 hours long. In the summer the soil becomes soggy and stinks to the ground that is called Permafrost.

Tundra Abiotic Factors

Weather & Climate: Winters are long in the Tundra,but summers are short. Winters can last up to 6-10 weeks. The Tundra is a bleak and a treeless place. In the winter the sun barely rises and its dark almost the rest of the day. The Tundra is a really windy place.

Temperature: It never gets any higher than 45-50ºF. Winter temperatures don't get any higher than 20-30ºF. The latitudinal range is 75º N to 65º N.

Precipitation: The total number of Precipitation is up to 6-10 inches of rain each year which includes melted snow.


The Tundra is mainly flat but it does have Mountain Ranges, but however it does have Greenland which is considered an island. It does not have a Canyon. It does have a body of water it is called thermokarst lakes.

Biotic Factors.

Animals: animals that live in the Tundra have special adaptions that allows them to survive in cold weather.

Plants: You may think that plants can't survive in harsh weather,some can. They live in harsh permafrost soil so the plants group together to resist winds and to be protected.

Ecological Concerns of issues

Catastrophic Events: It often has Floods,Landslides, storms and some wildfires.

Human Impacts: Many sailors over hunt musk oxen for food and clothing, also many people are moving in to oil mines, they are also towns and roads are being used for the increased population.