Mandarin Chinese Pinyin System
With no built-in guide to the pronunciation of Chinese characters, various systems of romanization – representing the sounds of Chinese using the Roman alphabet – have been developed.
The Chinese developed Hanyu Pinyin in the late 1950s; it was officially adopted in Mainland China in 1979; and it was accepted as an international standard for Romanizing Chinese (ISO-7098: 1991). It has become the most widely accepted standard for the Romanization of Mandarin.
Although the Pinyin system uses the Roman alphabet, it has reassigned a few letters to sounds that are quite different from what an English speaker would expect. Therefore, it is extremely important to distinguish those sounds from their English pronunciation and produce accurate Mandarin Chinese sounds.
Chinese words are written in Pinyin without apostrophes, and multi-syllabic words (most words in Chinese) are written as a single word, i.e. without spaces.
Overall, Pinyin has been successfully adopted as a system for representing Mandarin Chinese pronunciation and as a system for Romanizing Chinese names. Pinyin is also widely used for entering characters into a computer simply by typing in the pinyin and then selecting the character from a list provided.
Visit Pinyin Foundation: Simple Finals and Initials for more information
Structure of Chinese Syllables
Look all those 3 components in a character
In Mandarin Chinese, there are 21 initials categorized in 6 groups according to the positions of our lips, teeth and tongues when the sound is pronounced.
Refer to the following chart:
See the following chart for an example.