Hinduism

By Gu min Chung

Beliefs and Rituals

Beliefs


  1. Reverence for Our Revealed Scriptures
  2. All_Pervasive Divinity
  3. Three Worlds and Cycles of Creation
  4. The Laws of Karma and Dharma
  5. Reincarnation and Liberation
  6. Temple and the Inner Worlds
  7. Yoga Guided by a Satguru
  8. Compassion and Noninnjury
  9. Genuine Respect for Other Faiths


Rituals


  1. brahmacharga, which takes place during the school years, is focused on acquiring knowledge and developing character;
  2. grastha, the middle years, is focused on worldly pursuits and pleasures such as marriage, family and career;
  3. vanaprastha, when one's children reach adulthood, is a time of increased focus on spiritual things; and
  4. sanngasu, in the last years of life, one may abandon the world entirely for a life of contemplation.




Brief History

Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma ("eternal spiritual path") began about 4000 years ago in India. It was the religion of an ancient people known as the Aryans ("noble people") whose philosophy, religion, and customs are recorded in their sacred texts known as the Vedas. These texts were initially handed down by word of mouth from teacher to student. It was not until much later that they were actually written down. Archeological evidence from the Indus Valley civilization of northwestern India helps to establish Hinduism as the world's oldest living religion. Today, worldwide, there are almost one billion people professing some aspect of Hinduism. The fundamental teachings of Hinduism, which form the foundation of all its different sects, are contained in the concluding portion of the Vedas


Basics of Hinduism by Gauri Maheshwari (Danielle Riordan)