Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio)

By: Marquise Lawrence

Painter/ Architect

Birth Date: April 6, 1483

Death Date: April 6, 1520

Place of Birth: Urbino, Italy

Place of Death: Rome, Italy

Facts about Raphael

* Raphael was soon considered one of the finest painters in town. As a teen, he was even commissioned to paint for the Church of San Nicola in the neighboring town of Castello.

* Raphael moved to Rome in 1508 to paint in the Vatican "Stanze" ("Room"), under Pope Julius II’s patronage.

*Raphael painted an additional fresco cycle for the Vatican, located in the Stanza d'Eliodoro ("Room of Heliodorus"), featuring The Expulsion of Heliodorus, The Miracle of Bolsena, The Repulse of Attila from Rome and The Liberation of Saint Peter.

Raphael's Influence

* Following his death, Raphael's movement toward Mannerism influenced painting styles in Italy’s advancing Baroque period.

* Celebrated for the balanced and harmonious compositions of his "Madonnas," portraits, frescoes and architecture, Raphael continues to be widely regarded as the leading artistic figure of Italian High Renaissance classicism.

Work cited

~ Raphael
Oskar Fischel; Bernard Rackham.
Kegan Paul, vol.1, 1948

~ World History textbook