Cervical Cancer

By Dominique Wilkerson and Emmalee Morales

When was the cancer first discovered?

Christmas Day 1809, Jane Todd Crawford had a 22-pound tumor extracted from her abdomen.

What are the symptoms?

  • Blood spots or light bleeding between or following periods
  • Menstrual bleeding that is longer and heavier than usual
  • Bleeding after intercourse
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Increased vaginal discharge

What are the treatments for the cancer?

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation
  • Surgery to stage the cancer and remove the tumor
  • Targeted therapy
  • Hormone therapy

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How much of the population of the World is currently diagnosed with it?

We couldn't find the statistics for the world but we did find statistics for the US. In the United States, About 12,990 new cases of invasive cervical cancer will be diagnosed and about 4,120 women will die from cervical cancer.

How is it prevented?

  • Taking birth control pills : Women who took oral contraceptives for three or more years are 30% to 50% less likely to develop ovarian cancer.
  • Breastfeeding
  • Pregnancy
  • Women who have had a hysterectomy or a tubal ligation may have a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer. A hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and, sometimes, the cervix. Tubal ligation is having the fallopian tubes tied surgically to prevent pregnancy.

What major organ systems are affected by the cancer?

Cervical cancer develops in the cervix which is the lower part of the uterus.

One startling fact you learned about the disease that you did not know before this project?

Women of North American, Northern European, or Ashkenazi Jewish heritage have an increased risk of ovarian cancer.

What is the mortality rate?

The 5-year survival rate refers to the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their cancer is diagnosed. the 5-year relative survival is 45%. Women diagnosed when they are younger than 65 do better than older women. If ovarian cancer is found and treated before the cancer has spread outside the ovary, the 5-year relative survival rate is 92%. However, only 15% of all ovarian cancers are found at this early stage.

Does the cancer have a genetic or infectious component?

Cervical cancer can be contracted both genetically and virally. If your mother or sister had cervical cancer, your chances of developing the disease are 2 to 3 times higher than if no one in the family had it. The most common way to contract the cancer would be by a virus known as HPV which can be spread in many different ways like sexual intercourse.