The Enlightenment

By Felix Haynes and Ben Williams

Part 1 The Major Ideas

Philosophe: any of the popular French intellectuals or social philosophers of the 18th century, as Diderot, Rousseau, or Voltaire. There were meant type of philosophers. One had a peace of work called "the spirit of laws" the one was known for his criticism of Christianity then one was most famous for the dictionary.

Toward a new social science: the physiocrats and the Scottish philosopher Adam Smith have been viewed as the founders of the modern social science of economics. By the eighteenth century most European states had developed a system of courts to deal with the punishment of crime.

Laissez-faire was the French name known by a doctrine in which the government decided to leave alone. The best laissez-faire was by Adam Smith in 1776 in his famous work The Wealth of Nations .

Part 2 Important Figure

Sir Issac Newton (1642-1726) made studies in mathematics, optics, physics, and astronomy. He made a book called "Principia Mathematica" which was published in 1687, he even laid the foundations for classical mechanics.

Part 3 changes in the enlightenment

The economic system laissez faire was introduced. Laissez faire is a fundamental economic principle in Capitalism. It basically mean the government can not interfere. It was best used by Adam Smith in 1776.