Canada 2035

WILL CANADA BE THE BEST COUNTRY TO LIVE IN, IN 2035?

What's this about?

This smore will be covering a few points in relation to Canada's future 20 years from now, in terms of its


- population

- physical environment

- resources and industries

- communities


and whether it will still be one of the best places in the world to live in.

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Population

Currently Canada is home to 36.16 million people. 6.8 of that are foreign born immigrants (most being work class immigrants). 1, 362, 800 from the total, make up the FNMI population. By 2035 an estimation of 41,884,000 will become Canada total population number.


It was estimated that in 5 years almost about 1.6 million people will be added to the Canadian population. If this trend were to continue for the years to come, Canada will have become too crowded, resulting in a loss of population from 2020 onwards, due to people wanting immigrate out of Canada elsewhere. Over and under population will become Canada's biggest issue in the future because there are many factors enlarging it, and eventually collapsing the entire economic system.


One factor that contributes to Canada’s over population issue is the immigration increase rate (250, 000/year). The number of immigrants moving into the country annually is getting bigger and bigger, growing the immigration population. Currently immigrants make up large 18.81% of Canada total population. Most of these immigrants are work class coming from Asia and Europe. As the number of workers increase, so will the economy. You would take this as a good thing, but what happens when it gets too big? As the economy becomes larger, industrialization will take place and urban sprawl will inevitably happen, stretching into rural territories. Many problems come with this. First off, the rural land is where the agricultural farms are located, we may clear some of them to make space for the expanding cities, which will lower the country’s GDP. Apart from that, greenhouse gas emissions, and other pollutes will be released into the air (high density urban areas = more pollution) affecting the environment. Also, a terrifying amount of clear cutting will take place, again affecting the environment.


Canada, way into the future, will become extremely crowded and an environmental disaster. This will also be the point where the economy is at its maximum. What this means, is a sudden decrease in population. Civilians will realize how crowded and dirty the country is, and will want to move somewhere else. Since the economy is at its maximum, the immigration rate will become extremely low because jobs will be less available, even the FNMI population will decrease (more information in the next paragraph). The sudden drop in population will create a huge impact on Canada, because there won’t enough people to run the economy.

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FNMI

Focusing on the FNMI (first nations, metis, inuits) population, in 2011, the total population was 1, 400, 685, currently in 2015, 1,362, 800 and it will continue to decline. Due to the expanding economy, the Alberta oil sands will be used. The issue is the cleansing process of the heavy crude oil. The process includes the need for a large area of land to place the many factories bellowing huge amount of pollutant gases into the air, as well as dumping toxins into the water. This will obviously create a huge impact on residents living in the area (residents being the FNMI population) to the extent of killing civilians. One reason for decrease from 2011 was the water pollution from the extraction of the tar sands. Currently we are only on the first stages of developing the sands but in the future it will expand to something larger and more dangerous, creating an even deeper decrease in the FNMI population, and a larger impact on the environment. The development of the sands has caused huge protests in FNMI communities.


In Conclusion Canada will not be a good place to live in, in 2035 population wise, because of overpopulation taking place, which will lead to Canada's huge country setback

Alberta's latest oil sands conservation plan violates First Nations' treaty rights

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Physical Environment

When it comes to Canada's environment, people are quick to assume that it’s always cold and snowy up here, but really, we actually have a larger range of landscapes and climates than most places. Canada is currently spit into 7 different land form regions. The Western Cordillera, Interior Plains, Canadian shield, Great Lakes-St Lawrence Lowlands, Appalachian region, Innuition Mountains, and the Arctic Lowlands. Canadas climate is determined by 6 different factors which affect these land form regions. They are latitude, ocean currents, wind, elevation, relief and nearness to water.

Land Form Regions

The Western Cordillera is very mountainous area located in the far west side of Canada. Climate wise, the shore line area consists of very wet falls & winters, cool summers, and precipitation all year round (except in the south), which is due to the moisture in the air from the nearness of water. Towards the centre of the cordillera, there is heavy snowfall with the mountains being very cold and capped with snow, due to the elevation. This region doesn't have much vegetation but does have coniferous trees spread across the lower parts of the mountains, and almost no trees in the south caused by the absence of precipitation.


The interior plains are also located on the western side of Canada, right beside the western cordillera. It is a fairly flat piece of land with low hills, grasslands, and large forests. The plains have a range of climates, long winters & short, cool summers up north, and long, hot summers with very cold winters in the south. Nonetheless, there is hardly any precipitation.



The Canadian Shield is the largest of the 7 regions, taking up a huge 20% of Canada's total and area. This region consists of mountains, smooth hills and rocky land. The shields vegetation is mostly trees. Many different types of trees. As you move north the trees are smaller and further apart whereas in the south they are larger and closer together. The Canadian Shield's climate has quite a large range due it taking up so much land, stretching from the north to the south. In the south, there is a lot of precipitation with short, snowy winters and long, warm summers. Its temperature is moderate, staying around -8*C in the winter, and 22*C in the summer. However the north is a different story. There is very little precipitation and the temperature stays cool, with an average of -25*C in the winter, and 10*C in the summer.



The great lakes- St Lawrence lowlands is the smallest region. It is mostly flat land with a few hills. It used to have many different types of trees, but they have been cleared due to the need of land area for agriculture. The weather is very humid, with lots of precipitation, because of the moisture from the lakes.



The Appalachian region contains mainly mountains. Much like the western cordillera, this region has different trees spread across the base of mountains, as well as on the sides of the mountains. Its climate is mainly affected by the ocean currents around it. The northern part of the Appalachian area has short, cool summers, and long freezing winters due to cold water being brought down from the Arctic. The overall climate could be described as cool and wet throughout the year.



The Innuition mountain territory does not contain any vegetation or wild life due to it being extremely cold. The barren land is very vast with large mountains. Everything is covered in a thin layer of ice. Most if the land is largely unexplored.



The Arctic lowlands climate is very cold and dry. This means that vegetation is unable to grow though some wet areas do grow mosses, trees and cotton grass. The land is described as a low flat area, with some small hills.

Climate Conclusion

The earth's climate is a very delicate thing. If it were to change by as much as even 1*, it would affect life on earth for the worst. How climate change happens is an excessive amount of pollution going into the earth atmosphere. Currently Canada is 15th out of 17 countries to produce greenhouse gas emissions. In 1990 it decreased by 5% but grew 17% from 2010 and will continue to grow. This is just from the GHG sector, we also do a lot of clear cutting, and dump toxins into our freshwater water supplies, which also contributes to Canada’s climate change. By 2036, climate will have changed and life will become very hard because we have gotten accustomed to the current climate as it has been for a very long time.

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Resources and Industries

Canada is a very resource rich land, but our main resource industries are forestry and mining.

Mining

Mining is extremely important to Canada’s economy, and frankly, the entire world. As you know, mining gives us oil, which basically runs everything in Canada, as well as many other things in the world, and probably always will. It runs our vehicles, some of our electricity, and the biggest thing, it is our main export. Canada is known for its oil and this means that many of Canada’s global relations, are through exporting of oil. Our largest trading partner is the US importing a huge 2000 barrels of our oil per day, and second, Mexico, importing around half that amount. Sustainability wise, oil is not a renewable resource, but Canada contains a very large amount of it, so it will last a while. The issue is sustaining the environment to withstand all the toxins being thrown at it from the oil. In the future, this will be less of a problem. this is because Canada has invested 33 million dollars in the ESEIEH (easy) which is basically a piece of technology that repairs and reduces the underground environmental effects of the Alberta oil sands and actually makes the extraction process easier, thus, slightly sustaining the environment.

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Forestry

Lumber and wood products are another one of Canada main exports. British Columbia is actually the biggest softwood exporter in the world. This, again, is another source of global relationships. BC exports wood to a number of countries such as the US, china, japan, Europe, South Korea, India and many others. Although the forestry industry is a huge source of money and global relations, Canada is not trying hard enough to sustain this resource. Too much clear cutting is happening at once, and the replacement rate isn't fast enough. Every one tree that is cut down, five are planted, but the problem is that the trees that are being planted aren't growing fast enough. There may even be a point far into the future, where there are a lot more small trees that need to grow, than fully grown trees. Another issue why wood isn't being sustained is because we are not using the entire tree. Only parts are being used and exported, whilst the rest of tree is going to waste. To solve these issues, we can slow down clear cutting rates. It might affect us now, and Canada may lose money, but it will be better for us in the long run. For the second issue, all we need to do is find a way to use the entire trees, instead of just bits and pieces of it. If we find other ways to sustain this resource, than our global relation will probably stay the same in the future. But if we do slow down cutting rates, there is a possibility of losing some relations.

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Communities

The two main issues Canadian cities are facing today are investment, and urban sprawl. Governments are confused on whether to put money towards communities, to make life better for civilians, or towards international businesses to push them up to success. But the main issue is urban sprawl. Urban sprawl is essentially, the uncontrollable growth of an urban area, into rural areas. This is an issue because there are many cons that come with the growth of an urban city.

The first issue is transportation which leads to a number of things. Since urban cities are stretched out, there is a lot more space between grocery stores, and other commercial buildings, which increases the dependency on vehicles to get around. Since everyone will be taking cars the pollution rate will increase, which will damage the environment. Also, obesity will become a larger issue since walking to places will become harder. People won’t be getting the fresh air and exercise they need, whereas in the city, everything was close together and at a walking distance. Also, due to overpopulation in the future, the already spread out urban areas will become packed and a high density area again. Then, urban sprawl will happen, spreading out even more and taking up more land. Eventually cities will pave over agricultural land and other important areas, creating more and more issues.


Urban sprawl is already affecting Ontario and because it is happening unintentionally, there isn't really anything we can do to stop. Some reasons urban sprawl happens in the first place is low land cost, lack of urban planning, and a rise in standard of living. To stop it we'll just have to get more urban planners, and raise land prices as well as the cost of living. Doing this will limit people, making them lower their standards and buy less land. If each family/person will own a small piece land, cities will stay small. Instead of each family/person owning a large piece of land, and taking up more space.

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Total Conclusion

In conclusion, Canada will not be a good place to live in 2035. Yes, there will still be good things in the future, but looking at al the cons, it just isn't worth staying.
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