Johnsons Reconstruction Plan

Jacob Kemo

First Step

Andrew Johnson, first pleased the radicals by publicly attacking the planter aristocracy and insisting that the rebellion must be punished.

Second Step

His amnesty policy was more severe than Lincoln's, it disenfranchised all former military and civil officers of the Confederacy and all those who owned property worth $20,000 or more and made their property able to be confiscated.

Freedmen's Bureau

Was a government agency that was established in 1865 to aid free slaves in the South during the Reconstruction era which attempted to change society in the former Confederacy. Johnson vetoed the bill because he believed that it infringed on states' rights, relied too much on the military in peacetime, and would prevent freed slaves from becoming independent by offering too much assistance.

Civil Rights Act of 1866

Was the first Federal Law to define US citizenship and affirm that all citizens are equally protected by the law. It was mainly intended to protect the rights of Africans born in or brought to America, after the Civil War. This bill was enacted by Congress in 1865 but vetoed by Johnson. In April 1866 Congress again passed the bill. Although Johnson again vetoed it, a two-thirds majority in each house overcame the veto and the bill became law.

Black Codes

A set of rules set for the free blacks of America.

  • Still couldn't vote
  • Prohibited from getting certain jobs
  • Prohibited from owning property
  • Prohibited from owning guns

Was Life Truly Better for Slaves After the War

Yes life was truly better for slaves after the war. They were no longer considered as property though still not equals. They weren't forced to work but they were strongly encouraged to. And they were no longer owned which is what they fought so hard for.