Historical Background of Amendment:
Supreme Court Case: Background
Name of case: " Rodney King Case" which occurred in 1991.
Rodney King, an African American, was driving but was intoxicated with alcohol and was chased in a run for drinking and driving. As soon as the police had captured him, their first instinct was to violently beat him before he could do any more damage. A witness observed the tragedy from afar and had taken a video of the fight. Eventually, the video was released to the public and was referred as "police brutality".
Historical Background and Supreme Court Information:
"Fifth Amendment." Constitutional Amendments: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Detroit: UXL, 2008. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.