Unit 1 World Geo Test

Hope Kinney p.4

CLIMATE REGIONS

Desert

Highlands

Humid Continental

Humid Subtropical

Ice Caps

Marine West Coast

Mediterranean

Semiarid

Subarctic

Tropical Wet

Tropical Wet & Dry

Tundra

Continentality- water moderates climate

Weather- condition of atmosphere @ particular location and time

Climate- weather conditions @ particular location OVER TIME

Absolute- EXACT place on earth

Relative- describes a place in comparison to other places around it

Natural Resource- materials on or in earth that have economic value

Climograph- graph that indicates average temp and precipitation for an area

Greenhouse Effect- process by which radiation from a planets atmosphere warms the planets surface temp

Desertification- type of land degradation, when dry land region becomes arid by losing bodies of water and vegetation

Earthquake- caused by earths plates grinding or slipping past each other

Seismograph- instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes

Focus- where the earthquake originated from

Epicenter- point on the surface of Earth directly above the epicentre

TYPES OF HEI (MAD)

Modification- how we change our enviornment to fit our needs

Adaptation- how we change to live within our enviornment

Dependency- how we rely on our enviornment to make our lives better

FACTORS INFLUENCING CLIMATE (LACEMOPS)

Latitude- location on the globe

Air masses- large volume of air where temp is the same as the amount of humidity across horizontal bands

Continentality- water moderates climate

Elevation- mountain elevation, colder the higher up

Mountain barriers- mountains can stop storms and ari masses

Ocean currents- causes climates of areas

Pressure cells- where air rises, rain = humidity

Storm tracks- when hot and cold systems combine

NATURAL RESOURCES ARE ABUNDANT BUT NOT DISTRIBUTED EQUALLY AROUND THE WORLD

Renewable- can be replaced naturally

Nonrenewable- cannot be replaced once removed from the ground

Inexhaustible Energy- used for unlimited amount of time

5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY

Movement

Region

Location

Interaction

Places

Map Projection- a way of drawing the earth’s surface two-dimensionally by presenting a round earth on flat paper

Weathering refers to physical and chemical processes that change the characteristics of rock on or near the earth’s surface

Erosion occurs when weathered material is moved by the action of wind, water, ice, or gravity