By: Haley Johnson (4th period)

Taiga Biome Description

The Taiga biome extends in a long band across a large portion of Canada, Europe, and Asia to the southern border of the arctic tundra. It is the largest biome in the world. The winters are cold, and the summers are warm.

Taiga Abiotic Factors

The Taiga has long, cold winters, and short wet summers. Winter days are short, while summer days are long because of the way the earth tilts on its axis. Fire is not uncommon in the taiga during the summer, you might think the fire would be destructive but it actually helps this biome by removing old sick trees. 4 months has a temperature of over 50º F. The total precipitation yearly is 10-30 inches per year ( 25-75cm).

Most of the landforms in the taiga are mountains, however there are other landforms such as glacier's and valleys, which are formed from the glaciers. The taiga has different bodies of water like, Lakes, Rivers, and sea's. Some of the canyons in the taiga are created from glaciers in the taiga.

Taiga Biotic Factors

The biotic factors in the taiga are the living things for example, Animals and Plants.

The taiga is a difficult biome for most animals to live in, so most of the animals that live there have a thick coat of fur or some kind of protection from the climate. Some of the animals that live there are, mainly seed-eating squirrels and jays, small animals like moles, and larger animals like deer, elk, and moose, there are also predators like grizzly bears, wolves, lynxes and wolverines.

Compared to other biomes, the taiga has less diversity in plant life. The most common tree found in the taiga are the conifers, or cone-bearing tree. Conifers, also known as evergreens, includes pines, spruce and firs. There may also be deciduous species like, oak, birch, willow, or alder, in a particularly wet or disturbed area.

Ecological concerns or issues

A lot of fires happen in the taiga, you may think its bad for the environment, but its really not it helps the trees withstand to more fires because it makes the bark thicker.

There are a few large cities around the taiga, but they are not very populated. there are few communities that are still populated, with industries such as logging, mining, and hydroelectric development.