Seasonal Affective Disorder

by Gabriela C

What is Seasonal Affective Disorder?

Seasonal Affective Disorder (S.A.D) is a form of depression that appears at the same time of the year. When there is less daylight, so usually in the winter.

Signs or Symptoms of S.A.D

  • change in mood
  • lack of employment
  • low energy
  • changes in sleep
  • changes in eating
  • difficulty concentrating
  • less time socializing

How does S.A.D affect someone?

Seasonal Affective Disorder will make someone depressed during a certain time of year every year.

Other Names...

  • S.A.D

Other Forms...

  • reverse seasonal pattern
  • depressed in the summer
  • these are rare

How is Seasonal Affective Disorder diagnosed?

Can be difficult to diagnose. So doctors ask...

  • If you have been depressed during the winter months for at least two years in a row
  • If you have had any symptoms of S.A.D

How is Seasonal Affective Disorder treated?

  • increased light exposure
  • light therapy
  • talk therapy
  • medicine- antidepressants (monitored by the doctor)

Interesting Facts

  • S.A.D is caused by the brains production of melatonin and serotonin.
  • When you have more melatonin than serotonin you become depressed.