West/Immigration

By:Cora Bledsoe

Heen Hunt Jackosn

  • Was an American poet and writer who became an activist on behalf of improved treatment of Native Americans by the U.S.
  • Her novel Ramona dramatized the federal government's mistreatment of Native Americans in southern California after the Mexican–American War and attracted considerable attention to her cause.
  • She described the adverse effects of government actions in her history A century od Dishonor.

Morrill Act

  • The Morrill Act of 1862 was also known as the Land Grant College Act. It was a major boost to higher education in America.
  • The grant was originally set up to establish institutions is each state that would educate people in agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that were practical at the time.
  • The land-grant act was introduced by a congressman from Vermont named Justin Smith Morrill. He envisioned the financing of agricultural and mechanical education. He wanted to assure that education would be available to those in all social classes.

Pendleton Act

  • A federal law established in 1883 that stipulated that government jobs should be awarded on the basis of merit.
  • The act provided selection of government employees by competitive exams, rather than ties to politicians or political affiliation.
  • The act provided selection of government employees by competitive exams, rather than ties to politicians or political affiliation.

Ellis Island

  • Located in upper New York Bay between New York and New Jersey.
  • Was the gateway for millions of immigrants to the United States as the nation's busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 until 1954.
  • The island was made part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965, and has hosted a museum of immigration since 1990.