October 29, 2020
Cartoon by Amiya Morton
Coronavirus Forces Remote Learning by Amiya Morton
At John Muir Early College Magnet High School (JMHS), students have started the new year with remote learning. Due to Covid-19, schools are not continuing in-person to help contain the spread of the virus. All students are using Canvas Learning Management system for curriculum and attending their virtual classes everyday while at home.
Since everyone is new to this type of technology, the starting of the year has been tricky in various ways.
JMHS principal Dr. Lawton Gray addressed the struggles he sees with remote learning. Gray said, “The biggest issue would be not knowing how students are doing. Body language is really important, and a teacher in class can tell if a student isn’t understanding something and can check on them and ask questions. But in the situation we have, a lot of students don't have their cameras on so you don't know.”
When considering the current curricular struggles for students and teachers, Gray continued, “one of the biggest things is there's more communication between the students and the staff, because if students are having problems with their computers or WIFI then they won't make class but will email their teachers. I think there might be more tutoring because teachers have office hours, so they use their office hours for students to come in if they have questions.”
2020 has introduced all kinds of new struggles for everyone, and education is really feeling the strain.
When asked about the issues and conflicts of remote learning, Ashley Butler, a history teacher here at Muir, and district technology specialist stated, “There are issues with connectivity , logging into Webex meetings, and Chromebook repairs. The district is working with students and families to solve these challenges through the HelpDesk Ticket system. Students submit a ticket, and the district looks into it, contacts the family, and supports them through the process.”
Webex is a website similar to zoom and google meets and everyone at Muir uses Webex for virtual class sessions. There have been some difficulties from time to time for both students and teachers.
Butler continued, “Becoming comfortable with new technology to facilitate online learning, and also to support students through the process of learning this new technology for online learning is a challenge. I do have to say that I have been incredibly impressed by students' ability to persevere and adapt to these challenging times. We really do have amazing students.”
Jodi Marchesso, Science Curriculum Coordinator at the district office, voiced how she felt about this school year’s circumstances for teachers, “All teachers are back to year one of teaching because the environment has changed. They are figuring out what procedures and routines work best for them and for the students.”
In this pandemic, curriculum has undergone a lot of changes in a short period of time. Classes are smaller, resources are limited, and old ways of interacting with curriculum are not available, or as effective, as before.
When asked about the significant changes to curriculum Marchesso said, “The curriculum has had to adapt to allow for more focused learning since there is less time with students. Priority standards that will better prepare students for future learning have been identified.”
Classroom environments have taken a big turning point and when asked about the biggest challenge this year Marchesso explained, “Not having those daily interactions can make teachers feel disconnected from their students. Building community is at the heart of the classroom and one that can be difficult to achieve online.”
Students are all affected by online learning and have many opinions about the issues surrounding it. Aaron Sharp is a junior in the Engineering and Environmental Sciences Academy (EESA) had some words as well about the effectiveness of learning online.
Sharp expressed, “I feel it has made me focus more on asynchronous learning, even though it is useful for the teacher to talk and I listen.”
Sharp also addressed any disadvantages or advantages of remote learning.
Sharp said, “I feel like it is not an advantage to work online, it is harder to talk to people which is the way I learn and work best. I will usually pick up most of the information in class then supplement the rest of my information after school.”
A big question is whether or not students would be willing to go back to school when it's safe considering the risks there could possibly still be.
Sharp said, “If school went back to campus I would stay fully online as I am very worried about COVID-19 and would like to not stress the healthcare system even if it is just myself that gets sick.”
Schools have been online since March of last year, and the question of going back to school is still in the air. This year there have been multiple trials and tribulations for both staff members and students. In the end, everyone knows remote learning is not the best option and is difficult to navigate, but the consequences of going back to school in person could be catastrophic and lead to more problems down the road. For now, students, teachers and parents are doing their best to get through this trying time.
cartoon by Amiya Morton
Coronavirus and Quarantine Takes a Toll on Students' Mental Health by Pamela Cortes
September is suicide prevention month, which is even more important than ever while students are struggling with the effects of isolation from friends, and family as well as navigating online schooling independently due to COVID-19.
Since COVID-19 came to America, everyone has been dealing with so much more than just having to be isolated from others.
COVID-19 is a highly contagious virus that has infected over 9 million Americans, and claimed the lives of over 229 thousand Americans.
Many Americans are experiencing high levels of stress and anxiety, but worse is the heightened stress on teens who have less emotional maturity than adults, and less practice with managing stress.
Cheryl Robinson, an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist with D´veal Family and Youth Services notes that teens are experiencing mental stress and she says, “There is anxiety around Covid-19 and the worry about themselves or someone in their family getting exposed to this virus.”
Due to the rapid uncontrolled spread of this deadly virus, states and cities were forced to shut down and require everyone to stay in their homes.
People were forced into isolation from not just the general public, but also from friends and family.
This new school year has brought a lot of stress and anxiety on teens as students as well, due to all instruction being online.
Alexa Martinez, a junior in the Arts Entertainment and Media Academy (AEM) said, “I feel pretty overwhelmed most of the time because it's been a very weird transition, but I'm slowly starting to get the hang of it.”
This pandemic has changed the way teens interact with the world and with each other, and old ways of getting support and managing stress are gone.
Now, many teens feel they have to deal with their stress and anxiety alone, and because of that, new issues can emerge.
When asked how he's dealing with students who are now feeling more stress due to isolation, Assistant Principal Ricardo Robles said, “We are trying to do our best to make sure that we contact students. We are emailing, making phone calls, and we've also been doing home visits.”
With the entire country being quarantined and isolated, all sectors of our society grinded to a halt; workplaces, recreation, restaurants, and schools all shut their doors.
This shutdown has caused many adults to lose their jobs and their primary source of income and when adults are stressed, it inevitably will trickle into the consciousness of teens.
Martinez said, “I was stressed for my mom because I knew she was struggling with work.”
In these very stressful times, students are struggling more than ever.
They are not only dealing with the economic struggles in their families, and the fear and uncertainty of a global pandemic affecting their health and their loved ones, but they have to navigate a whole new way of learning as well.
Remote learning is an issue for all students, but especially for students who do not have the resources to succeed. Many students have experienced bad internet connections and learning new online platforms as they go.
When asked how he felt mentally since school started, Juan Gomez a junior in the AEM academy said, “I feel overwhelmed by the work and stress online school has brought because we’re expected to do so much on a single platform.”
Students are forced to learn from their bedrooms or living rooms with siblings and family all around them, and very limited one-on-one help from a teacher in a classroom.
This only compounds the mental stress students are experiencing.
When asked how he deals with the stress of online school, Robles said, “What makes it easier is remembering that our students need our help, They need me there to be at one hundred percent.”
At this time, mental health is more important than ever and students need to make sure that they are not only taking care of their studies, but also taking care of themselves.
When asked about what students can do to cope with these stresses, Robinson said, “Meditation, taking walks and talking to someone about how they feel can improve mental health.”
Though D’veal staff is not physically on campus due to Covid-19, they are still available to provide support to the teaching staff, counselors, students and their families through telehealth. If needed, D’veal is available at (626)796-3453 for those that would like to reach out for services.
D’veal is currently conducting open groups for PUSD students called “High School and Beyond” that address the transitions and the stressors going into the last year of high school, preparing to graduate, and identifying what are the expectations after high school.
The group meets every Monday from 3:00pm-4:00pm through zoom link meeting
ID: 912 1903 3315 and Passcode: 917552.
If a student is struggling, there are many supports offered to help alleviate the stress.
Funding for Schools Looks Dire for 2021 by Rudy Flores
Due to the economy becoming drastically affected by COVID-19, schools may struggle with funding and budget next year. This dilemma might cause cuts to some school programs and activities, and possibly another school to be closed until the school districts are able to get back on track with funds.
COVID-19 pandemic has caused the biggest blow to the US economy since the Great Depression. It has left millions of Americans unemployed and homeless. This is a huge problem for schools because school districts rely on the state they are located in to provide funds and those funds are being pulled in many directions.
The Proposition 98 funding for K-12 schools and community colleges for the year 2020-21 is $84 billion—an all-time high. When combined with more than $819 million in settle-up payments for prior fiscal years, the budget proposes an increased investment of $3.8 billion in schools and community colleges.
When asked about the funding of schools, Dr. Gray, Principle of John Muir John Muir High School Early College Magnet (JMHS) stated, “We receive approximately $5,000,000 to run the school, which includes salaries, benefits, materials, and supplies and contracted services”.
The district gets budget information from the State twice per year, in January and May. In January 2020 the State was estimating a budget surplus and by the budget update in May they were in the red.
Schools were not given their cost of living increase for the 2020-21 school year, which has impacted our future stability. PUSD has been given some one-time funds to help with purchasing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and other sanitizing items.
The district also has been given additional funding for technology. When questioned about how the state funds have been affected by COVID-19, Dr. Gray responded with “We have not been affected as a school yet.”
Alfredo Resendiz, an English teacher from JMHS stated, “Right now, with the way PUSD has been dealing with budget cuts, I foresee the district closing more schools again. That is always hard for students to deal with, of course. The next round of cuts, I see the district closing a high school."
Resendiz continued, “I could be wrong about that, but I certainly see more schools closing in Pasadena post-COVID, whether they are elementary, middle, or high schools.”
Surely enough schools or activities being cut is not what anyone wants but the circumstances this year has taken a big turn for the worse, and there is no visible relief in the near future.
photo by Simon Guerrero
Sports Take a Time Out by Arianna Marquez
John Muir High School’s (JMHS) 2020-2021 sports seasons took a turn for players and coaches. Many wonder if there will even be a season for players in any sport this year. While this whole pandemic has eliminated practices, the coaches and athletes are left wondering if the administration will cut all sports entirely.
Wide Receiver Calen Bullock is a senior who has now committed to the University of Southern California for next year. Bullock committed this past spring, and when asked if this pandemic will affect his college offer, Bullock said, “No not at all. This pandemic actually gives me more time to learn more stuff and get better at football, coaches understand what we are going through right now.”
Sports are a huge part of any high school in America, but it is especially prominent at JMHS, and many want to see its return, but want safety for the student athletes as well.
While asking Bullock if he’ll feel safe enough to get back on the field, he said, “No, I wouldn’t feel safe going out and playing right now because people are still getting sick from this virus. I think we should let it die down before we play again.”
While this pandemic has been disruptive and difficult for all students, it is especially hard for the seniors who do not get to experience the traditionally best year of their academic career.
Bullock said, “If I get to have a season, I’m just looking forward to playing with my friends one last time and actually having fun playing the sport, because I can’t get my high school season back.”
Tania Figueroa is a senior who plays mid-defender for JMHS girl's soccer team.
She expressed, “This pandemic really sucks because we aren’t getting to experience our senior year. This is our last year of high school and we aren’t getting the traditional senior year.”
When asked if the season should be canceled Figueroa said, “No, I don’t think they should, I think it should be up to the students to choose whether they want to [play] or not.”
Right now the focus seems to be on the safety and wellness of student athletes; which is good.
Head Football Coach, Zaire Calvin commented on keeping players safe, “Following the basic guidelines is important when it comes to safety. We are keeping a certain amount of distance when you're not performing, wearing proper masks, doing temperature checks, and more importantly keeping everything clean and sanitizing everything.”
For the most part the school is keeping players safe, although for some players who have no college offers this whole pandemic may affect more than just their health.
When asked if it would affect his players' future Calvin said, “It has a huge effect because colleges were on campus and we usually had every college that would come out and see our kids perform and evaluate them, and now that the pandemic happened the colleges are unable to come out that way.”
He continued, “I look forward to just getting back out there being active, teaching, and building character with the kids. The principle of my program is to build character and to be able to build the hard work ethic into the kids, teaching them the basic manners and things that will help them in life.”
This year has definitely taken a drastic turn for both players and coaches which has led to the question: Will there will even be a season?
New Staff Join Muir for 2020-2021 by Gabrielle Andre
John Muir Early College Magnet High School(JMHS), in the midst of transitioning to virtual learning, has welcomed new staff members to the school to help the students master content and prepare for the future. This year is vastly different than other years, but one constant is that we would like to introduce and welcome the new staff to the Mustang community.
Dr. Lawton Gray, principal at JMHS, when asked about how he chose the new hires to join the Muir staff said, “I think what’s number one for us is really making sure that teachers are able to make connections with students.”
The new librarian, Micol Issa, came from Elliot Middle School. She will be checking out books, Chromebooks, and helping with the senior defense.
When asked about her transition to her new position, Issa said, “I loved teaching English and Drama at Eliot for the past 4 years, but I really wanted to try high school. I have also always wanted to be a librarian because they get to work with all the teachers and students on cool projects and programs.”
She is available to all students and staff, and is working to support their studies this year in any way that she can.
Muir also hired a new freshmen physics teacher, Taylor Van Hoorebeke.
When asked why he wanted to teach at Muir he said, “I wanted to teach at Muir for the opportunity to work with freshmen students. The first year of high school can be an awkward and overly challenging one for many students. I enjoy sharing words of wisdom to alleviate stress, and instill a strong work ethic in my students.”
Chloe Kiel Mercado, a new history teacher, joined Muir from Marshall Fundamental School. When asked about her transition she said “a strong community” is what she notices here at Muir.
Mercado also said, “In all honesty, I’ve been really impressed so far with the students and their maturity with handling the situation and their understanding when things go wrong or there’s technical issues; they’re really supportive of the fact that teachers are still learning, and that takes a lot of maturity.”
In these stressful times, maturity is something that is very important this school year and the students seem to be rising to the challenge
The Arts Entertainment and Media Academy has a new film teacher this year, but we were unable to get an interview.
Overall, the new staff and their students seem very capable and enthusiastic to be at JMHS now and for the foreseeable future.
photo by Kirobi Parker-Pinto
Students Participate in Black Lives Matter Protests by Oscar Reyes
The Black Lives Matters (BLM) movement has been drawing attention to racial inequity for quite some time, and we haven't found a peaceful resolution yet. The most recent BLM protests stemmed from the killing of George Floyd at the hands of policemen. Floyd was pinned to the ground with a knee on his neck. He repeatedly said he couldn't breathe, and eventually died from suffocation. His death, plus many other deaths at the hands of police drew national attention and sparked protests nationwide, and eventually worldwide.
Protest can change opinions. Communities demand a change, and for their pain and voices to be heard. Protests have helped nations before, and as we see today, they are helping draw attention to issues plaguing our modern society. Lives of people of color have been taken unjustly by law enforcement for many years. They have been recorded and showcased across different social media and have caught the attention and spurred outrage of the masses.
Manuel Rustin, a Government teacher at John Muir Early College Magnet High School (JMHS) attended one of the protests and when asked if protesting is enough, Rustin said, “Protesting will never be enough unless those in power are willing to listen and give up on the systems of the past.”
Rustin continued, “For there to be a transformative change across the nation the people who benefit from the racial hierarchy in America will have to first acknowledge that this hierarchy exists and then work to willingly deconstruct the hierarchy.”
Without someone in power helping nothing can really change so until we have someone powerful like a president or a vice president willing to do the work. But if protesters don't have that they won't be able to reach their goal of racial equality.
Kennedy Hackett, a student at JMHS in the Arts Entertainment Media Academy (AEM) said “I believe that protests are meant to shift the focus onto injustices going on in America.”
All these murders by police never, or rarely, get taken to court. This is another main reason why protesters are angry, and why they seek justice. Other well-known police killings are Eric Garner who died after he was wrestled to the ground by a New York police officer on suspicion of illegally selling cigarettes, and Breonna Taylor, a 26-year-old emergency medical technician who was shot eight times while the police executed a “no knock warrant” on her apartment while she slept. There are many more police shootings like these and all are unlawful. Many of the innocent people killed are tackled, shot, or strangled. Although some protests turn violent, many protesters are doing their part and protesting peacefully for justice for those who died in the hands of policemen.
Mental Health Disparities in Academia by Sade Anderson
September is the month to spread Mental Health Awareness across the nation.
Mostly because of the assortment of unfortunate events developing around the world today, many Americans are starting to heed the well being of an individual’s mental health.
Although mental health is an extensive issue, students of color are more vulnerable to unhealthy mental states, and not enough people are discussing it.
Mental health has a certain stigma within black and brown communities; it is not considered important or prioritized in daily life.
Goyahkla Robles, a Latino student at John Muir Early College Magnet High School (JMHS), affirms that “mental health isn’t always talked about in brown cultures.”
Because mental health is often overlooked in minority cultures, many students of color feel as though they can not express their feelings.
Jade Williams, a black JMHS student, believes that it is a social norm for minority students to believe that expressing your emotions is not a priority.
She believes students of color generally feel that “you shouldn't be able to feel sad or mad.”
Mithra Bhadha, a psychology professor at Pasadena City College, concluded that the main factor of minorities’ vulnerability to poor mental health is racial inequality.
According to Bhadha, “People of color with low socioeconomic statuses go to schools that are underprivileged...underfunded...and they end up in this cycle of school to prison because they are not supported the way they are supposed to.”
In other words, American public schools need to improve their support system for minority students’ mental health.
Williams observes that black and brown students’ mental health seems to “not be a priority” to the public school system.
When asked about the reason the education system seems to not prioritize black and brown students Robles said, “they’re still sticking to old ways of educating...they're not thinking of going forward.”
So what can schools do to ensure efficient support for students’ mental health of every racial background?
Bhadha suggests that schools need to continue to hire more mental health professionals. School staff should be able to present undeniable support for all students.
However, you do not have to be a trained professional to support students.
Bhadha stresses for school staff to be patient, and to listen because there is no way to understand every student’s situation at home.
Students can also support each other by lending an ear and asking open ended questions: “How are you?” “How can I help?”.
To quote Bhadha, “Don’t listen for responding.” Understanding is very essential, so be sure to listen with intent.
There is no question that JMHS’s students are predominantly black and brown. As a result, our school seems to hold a special connection with the students.
Ricardo Robles, JMHS vice principal, notes “I’ve worked at six or seven different schools...there are staff members who really care about students [but] Muir is at another level.”
Although Robles agrees that our schools definitely need more mental health support for minority students, he praises our John Muir staff for building a special connection with our students.
He applauds our counselors for successfully supporting our students to the best of their abilities.
Robles mentions that our school needs more of that support put into our students.
Mental health is already a worrisome issue as a whole, imagine the struggle of maintaining your mental health as a person of color, an individual who lives in a system that is built against you.
There is a major difference between ‘mental health’ and ‘minority mental health’.
More conversations need to be sparked, more support systems need to be established for the benefit of ALL students.
cartoon by Sade Anderson
Sports Are Benched for the 2020 Season by Miracle Green
How do the students of John Muir High school feel about sports being cancelled?
As we kick off this school year it’s come to our attention that sports are being cancelled, or postponed for the foreseeable future.
It’s devastating for all students who play sports and have a passion for it to see their upcoming or final year go to waste because of COVID-19 and strict regulations on social distancing.
I think it is very sad and upsetting. As a person who plays a sport, it’s hard knowing that I have no control over what’s happening and can’t do what I love. All students can do is hope and wish that we get to come back to school and begin our seasons with high spirits as we do every year.
Other students around Muir who are beginning their first year, and students who are in their last have something to say about it too.
Calen Bullock is a senior in the Business and Entreprenuership Academy (BE) and a varsity football player, and had a few things to say about what’s going on.
He plans on going to University of Southern California and he said, “Having sports being held back doesn't affect anything because college football is on hold too right now so coaches understand what we are going through” He also adds “Right now I’m just working out, staying ready for when season comes back, or if it doesn't, and focusing on staying healthy.”
Kasi Kitani is a junior in the Arts Entertainment and Media Academy (AEM) and plays volleyball and basketball. When asked about this year's situation with sports she said, “I feel disappointed and sad because I was looking forward to playing this year but now I won’t get the chance until maybe next year to play.”
Christian Cosey is a freshman in BE that plays basketball. He shared, “I feel very disappointed and sad that I can’t play basketball this year. I haven't been practicing with the air quality this bad right now but once it gets better I will start again. Even though we can't play, my team spirit will always be really high because I have a passion for my school and the sport I love.”
Despite the demoralizing situation we find ourselves in, the students here at Muir are keeping a positive attitude and getting ready for when sports do return.
photo by Kevin Posada
Online Classes Are the New Normal for Many Students by Christopher Galicia
The global Coronavirus pandemic, and a big increase in Coronavirus cases in the United States, and specifically Los Angeles, has forced the Pasadena Unified School District to shut down in-person classes.
Since the shutdown of schools, students have been attending online classes which led to learning to navigate multiple meeting apps and learning platforms such as Google Meets, WebEx, and Canvas.
Margaret Gillham, who teaches Puente English to 9th, 10th, and 12th graders in Engineering and Environmental Science Academy (EESA) says “I haven't had too many problems with WebEx, except for that time I taught for 10 minutes with my microphone on mute! That was the first couple of days, and I've learned to avoid that dilemma again!”
When asking Gillham about going back to school she replies, “I prefer to teach from home. I'm sure if schools were open now, we would see too many people in our community getting the virus. As someone who is about to turn 59, I want to stay safe, and keep my family safe.”
Oscar Rosales, a senior in EESA said, “The only problem I have is mostly internet problems, but a little of teachers not posting assignments, or not knowing how to post meeting times occasionally. At first, I liked online school better, but now I’m starting to prefer physical school, because it’s becoming annoying to deal with technical issues and becoming increasingly harder to stay focused and understand what the teachers want.”
Antonio Cervantes is a senior in EESA said, “The only problem I have is not being able to make it into classroom calls. So I would rather have the school use Google Meet because it was easier. And I hope we get to go back to school because it's less complicated than online school.”
The pandemic has disrupted many aspects of our lives in 2020, and school is one of the major ways that it has derailed daily life. One thing is for sure, remote learning is not going anywhere for a while, so we must all make the best of it for now.
image courtesy of The New York Times
Corona Virus Still Wreaking Havoc by Kevin Posada
COVID-19 is an illness that can affect your lungs and airways. It is caused by a virus called CoronaVirus but is called COVID-19 to show that it was discovered in 2019. Since 2019, there have been 38.3M people infected by COVID-19 and there have been 1.09M deaths world wide so far.
It originated in Wuhan, China where the first cases were discovered. COVID-19 eventually spread around the world faster than people could imagine, and is now impacting our everyday life in various ways.
Not only is this a very deadly virus, but on top of that, there isn't any vaccine for it yet. Experts have done research, and tests and have found ways to lower the risk of you catching it.
To help slow the spread of the virus, clean your hands often, wear a mask in public, avoid close contact with sick people, cover your cough and sneeze around others, stay quarantined, and social distance whenever possible.
Many people have lost their jobs or have had to change jobs. Since COVID-19, people have been left without a job because of COVID-19 regulations. People are trying to be vigilant to avoid catching the virus, so many places have closed down causing many to lose their jobs.
As many as 7.7 million workers have lost their job during this pandemic. This has caused these unemployed people to not have enough money to support their family or keep food on the table. Others have lost their home because of no rent payment , which has caused students to use restaurant Wi-Fi to do school work or use any other free Wi-Fi sources available.
Schools have been affected by this virus all around the world. Millions of students have been affected by this closure of schools. Most schools are now making students attend classes online. Slowly schools have been debating whether to open up again. While all teachers and students wait to go back to physical school, students have had so many complaints with online classes. These complaints consist of personal issues at home, Wi-Fi problems, no Wi-Fi at all, computer problems, no time to attend class because of babysitting, etc.
Social Distance means no going out and no visiting family members. While COVID-19 caused thousands of families to restrict themselves from seeing each other, there are families who have gotten closer because of quarantine.
Visiting family or going over to anybody's house, in general, isn't a smart idea.
Some families say the reason they have gotten closer is because there are no events, sports, or anything to attend. Families have now had time to talk with each other every day and have proper family time.
Meanwhile, there are families who have been dying to see each other due to restrictions.
Aside from families, I'm positive that everybody wants to finally go out again; not just with friends but in general. As states reopen, certain places we are slowly being allowed to go to gatherings, as long as the people follow the rules. How will it be like moving forward for students?
In an interview with Daniela Nepomuceno, junior at John Muir High School (JMHS) stated, “After school I go help my grandma with cleaning or any chores she needs help with, then I eat and relax for a while, and lastly I do homework until 12 a.m. or at whatever time I finish everything.”
Online classes are a new concept for every student K-12. Moving forward students will probably get used to it and eventually find the right balance, because nobody is trying to fall behind in school and deal with personal problems.
COVID-19 has changed us in various ways, from losing jobs, to worrying about catching it and having no cure, to having online classes. With this pandemic ruining our everyday routine, not just as people but for students, we are having trouble with a lot of things in our lives currently.
There is still no vaccine available, so schools aren't quite sure what to do at the moment, but they're getting there. Meanwhile, we have to keep up with school and personal issues. Hold tight, it will all be fine. With no vaccine available every single thing we do can cost us our life, so I hope everybody stays safe for now and takes good care of themselves and family.
Sade AndersonGabrielle Andre
Arianna Marquez editor-in-chief
Amiya Morton co-editor