First Aid for Adults

Instructions

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CHECK FOR RESPONSIVENESS


  • Tap the shoulder and shout, “Are you OK?”

CALL 9-1-1

  • whether there's a response or not, immediately call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number
  • if you both are alone give two minutes of care before calling 9-1-1
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OPEN THE AIRWAY and CHECK FOR BREATHING

  • Tilt head back slightly, lift chin
  • check breathing for only 10 seconds: gasps are not breathing

QUICKLY SCAN FOR SEVERE BLEEDING

GIVE CARE BASED ON CONDITIONS FOUND

CONSCIOUS CHOKING: CANNOT COUGH, SPEAK OR BREATHE

  • Give 5 back blows
  • Give 5 quick, upward abdominal thrusts
  • Continue sets of 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts until the:
  1. Object is forced out.
  2. Person can cough forcefully or breathe.
  3. Person becomes unconscious.

UNCONSCIOUS CHOKING CHEST DOES NOT RISE WITH RESCUE BREATHS

  • Give rescue breaths
  • Give 30 chest compressions
  • Look for and remove object if seen
  • Give rescue breaths

CPR: NO BREATHING

  • Give 30 compressions in the middle of the chest at least 2 inches deep and at least 100 compressions per minute
  • Give rescue breaths, one after the other
  • Continue cycles of CPR. Do not stop CPR except in one of these situations:
  1. You find an obvious sign of life, such as breathing.
  2. An AED is ready to use.
  3. Another trained responder or EMS personnel take over.
  4. You are too exhausted to continue.
  5. The scene becomes unsafe.
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Extra Tips

  • Use disposable gloves and other personal protective equipment whenever giving care.
  • Obtain consent from parent or guardian, if present.
  • If you witnessed the child or infant suddenly collapse, skip rescue breaths and start CPR.
  • If the chest does not rise with rescue breaths, re-tilt the head and give another rescue breath.