Scarlet Fever

Allie Visconti, Kim Hancock, and Ysabelle Kempe

The pathogen that causes scarlet fever is group A Streptococcus.

This pathogen also causes strep throat, and is bacterial. It looks like clumps of tiny spheres, and is cocci shape. Streptococcus makes a toxin which causes a scarlet covered rash on the skin. Hence, the name Scarlet Fever. The disease occurs in a small percentage of patients with strep throat, or impetigo, as only some of the streptococci bacteria release this toxin (


When Scarlet Fever makes its first appearance in the body it shows up as a rash of tiny red bumps. It often begins on the torso and eventually spreads all over the body.

It looks a lot like sunburn and often feels like rough sandpaper

It lasts about 2-7 days

After the rash leaves, it will leave your skin peeling especially the fingertips and toes

Other symptoms of Scarlet Fever are:

  • A flushed face excluding the area around the lips which remains pale
  • Red/sore throat with white or yellowish patches
  • Extreme fevers (101 degrees Fahrenheit or higher)
  • A whitish coating that covers the tongue
  • When white coating peels off it leaves the tongue swollen and red often appearing like a strawberry

*Other less common symptoms include neasuea, vomiting, headaches, and body aches*

Very rarely if Scarlet Fever is not treated it can lead to:

  • Pneumonia
  • Sinusitis
  • Inflammation of middle ear
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Glomerulonephritis

How is Scarlet Fever Transmitted/Acquired?

The bacterial infection that causes scarlet fever is extremely contagious and is acquired through nasal and throat fluids by coughing and sneezing. It can also be passed through contact with skin (, though it is rarely spread by contact with surfaces (

Cures and Treatments

Scarlet fever used to be an extremely dangerous disease, but now with the advances of modern medicine, it is highly curable. Usually it is treated with a 10-day antibiotic of penicillin, but bed rest, drinking of fluids, and cool baths also help. (

Works Cited

"Scarlet Fever." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Department of
Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <>. This site gave a very
descriptive definition of Scarlet Fever, and was very scientific.

"Infections: Scarlet Fever." KidsHealth. The Neymour Foundation, n.d. Web. 13

Nov. 2013. <
scarlet_fever.html>. this site provided symptoms and signs of scarlet
fever, and helped me work on my Infectious Disease Project.

"Understanding Scarlet Fever- Treatment." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
understanding-scarlet-fever-treatment>. This site gave specific cures
and time periods for scarlet fever. It helped me for the subsection about
treatment on our poster.

"Scarlet Fever." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Department of

Health and Human Services, 1 Feb. 2012. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.


Content Source of Site: National Immunization and Respiratory Diseases:

Divison of Bacterial Diseases

Pillinger, Dr. John. "Scarlet Fever." NetDoctor. Hearst Magazines UK, 2013. Web.

13 Nov. 2013. <

scarletfever.htm>. Written by a General Practitioner Content Sources

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