Ancient Greece vs. Rome

By: Nicole Giovannetti

Ancient Greece Religion

People in ancient Greece believed in 14 gods/goddesses. These 14 were the big three, Hades, Poseidon, Zeus, and the rest, Artemis, Apollo, Dionysus, Hermes, Persephone, Demeter, ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus, Hera, and Athena. Certain gods owned certain places. The Greek believed that the gods/goddesses live on Mount Olympus, hence why the Olympics were named the Olympics.

Funerary Art in Greece

When a family member or loved one passes away, the Greek did many important things and rituals. One of these things was to leave a Greek coin, a drachma in the dead persons coffin, so that the deceased could pay Charon to let them cross the River Styx.

Men in Greece

Men in Greece ran the government. When men were not involved in politics, they spent a lot of time doing things such as sailing, horseback riding, and wrestling. When men were at drinking parties the women were not allowed to attend. They also worked in manufacturing and trade.

Women in Greece

Women in Greece had very limited freedom. They could attend weddings, funerals, some religious festivals, and sometimes visit their female friends for a short period of time. Most Greek households had slaves. Most female slaves would cook, clean, and work in the fields. Most male slaves would watch the door to make sure nobody entered the house and also acted as tutors to younger children. The only race women could take part of was chariot racing, and only if they had a horse.

Children in Greece

Children were considered youths until they reached the age of 30. When a child was born, the father performed a ritual in which he would walk around the house naked, carrying the child. The family would put a wreath of olives on the door it the gender of the baby was a boy, and they would put a wreath of wool on the door if the gender of the baby was a girl. young girls stay at home until they get married. Ancient Greek children played with many toys, including rattles, clay animals, horses on 4 wheels that could be pulled on a string, yo yos, and terra cotta dolls.

Military Training in Sparta

The goal of Sparta was to train young boys to become soldiers. They boys of Sparta were very loyal to their island. At the age of 7, boys of Sparta were forced to go to military school. At age 60, a spartan soldier could retire.

School in Greece for girls

In Sparta, Greek girls went to school at the age of 6 or 7. The girls were taught wrestling, gymnastics, and, combat skills. In other Greek states girls were forced to stay inside their homes most of their lives.

Pets in Greece

The pets that the Greek had were dogs, tortoises, goats, birds, and mice.

Homes in Greece

Homes in Greece had two or three rooms, built of stone, wood, or clay bricks.

Diet in Greece

Common food in ancient Greece consisted of figs, grains, wheat to make bread, barley, fruit, vegetables, breads, cake, grapes, any type of seafood, and drank wine. They kept goats for milk and cheese, and they sometimes hunted for meat.

Clothing in Greece

Men and women wore linen in the summer and wool in the winter. The ancient Greeks could buy cloths in the marketplace, but they were very expensive. So instead, most families made their own clothes, which were tunics and warm cloaks made of linen or wool, dyed a bright color or bleached white. Clothes were made by the females, and were often decorated to represent what city-state they lived in. Hair was curled, and arranged in an interesting and carefully designed style. Scented waxes and lotions acted as a hair spray. Women kept their hair long and in braids. They would arrange it on top of their heads, or wore their hair in ponytails. Headbands made of ribbon or metal were common among most women. Men cut their hair short. If they were soldiers, they would not have a beard, but if they were not soldiers, they would wear a beard.

Entertainment in Greece

The Greeks participated in plays, operas, modern films, poetry, and sporting games to entertain themselves.

Government in Rome

The roman government was a mix of democracy and a republic.

Crime Punishment in Greece

Crimes in Greece consisted of murder, theft, assault. When men were guilty of crime they were fined. When women were guilty they were flung off a mountain into a deep chasm. Murderers were sometimes thrown into a pit of sharp spikes. Kidnappers were executed. Spartans would cast their criminals into a dark well to die. General punishments were fines and loss of property. Serious punishments were poisoning, stoning, and beheading.

Rome Religion

Religion in Rome is Roman catholic and christian.

Men in Rome

Men in Rome were the masters of the house and family. If you were a rich man you would put on a toga in the morning and eat cheese, bread, honey, and water. Poorer men were farmers, shopkeepers, or craftsmen. Since you could not afford much food you would only eat bread in the morning.

Women in Rome

Women would stay at home everyday to complete the chores. Very few women were allowed to have a job like a doctor or teacher.

Children in Rome

Children that came from wealthy families would start school when they were 7 years old. Boys stayed at school longer than girls. Girls who went to school would learn how to cook, spin, clean, and weave. Boys would learn how to read, write in Latin and Greek, do math, and speeches. When girls were 14 years old they were forced to be married. Boys could net get married until they were 15 years old.

Clothing in Rome

Men wore togas, and had short hair. Women wore togas, makeup, jewelry, and fixed their hair to look beautiful. Children in Rome wore short togas.

Diet in Rome

Romans ate fruits, vegetables, cake, wine, and millet.

Crime Punishment in Rome

Common crimes were theft, arson, violent crime, adultery, forgery, treason, false witness, and counterfeiting. Punishment consisted of beating, being beheaded, hanging, burning, burying alive, retaliation, scourging with a whip, knotted with bones or heavy metal that had hooks on the end, being thrown off a mountain, and being thrown into a river.

Government in Greece

The government in Greece included monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, and democracy.

Entertainment in Rome

Romans entertained themselves by participating in chariot racing in the colloseum, comedies, tragedies, farces, dinner parties, and pantomimes.