Effective Reading & Writing Instruction: A Focus on Modeling
Key Points and Questions
Modeling requires: flexibility, reasoning, and critical thinking ability
Teachers should model why the strategy is used by providing specific reasons for the strategy selections (conditional knowledge)
- What is an example of a specific reason why strategies should be used?
Teacher should model how the strategy is used by providing explicit instruction absent of ambiguity (procedural knowledge)
- What is an example of explicit instruction that is clear?
Teacher should model what strategies to select in specific situations by selecting the appropriate strategy to match the situation and/or being too rigid with how to use the strategy (declarative knowledge)
- What is an example of a situation and an appropriate strategy to use in that situation?
Think-Alouds are the first step in raising student awareness of what it means to be a strategic learner.
Impact and Importance
Helpful text: The Literacy Cookbook: A Practical Guide to Effective Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Instruction http://www.amazon.com/The-Literacy-Cookbook-Practical-Instruction/dp/1118288165
Helpful website: http://www.ncte.org/positions/statements/onreading
I think there is an obvious demand for students being able to be an effective reader and an effective writer. I also think explicitly modeling is the one true way of getting students to use the strategies on their own time. The more the teacher models, verbally and physically, the students will take into account and do the strategy naturally.