World War 2 Battles

~Myranda Mardis~

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The European Theater

The Eastern Front of World War 2 was a quarrel between the European Axis powers and Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other allies, which enclosed the Northern and southern along with the central and eastern europe, in the in the time span of 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.

Closing in on Hitler from Three Sides AKA (Closing the Ring)

  • By invading through North Africa and into Italy the United States fought to overcome the fascists powers of Benito Mussolini (Italy) and Adolf Hitler (Germany). The US attack's consisted of the domination through the Soviet Union, who was hastily advancing through North africa into Italy and through Great Britain to soon close with what we all know as D-Day.

The invasion of Normandy 1944

  • The Invasion of Normandy also known as D-Day was just the beginning of the British and Allied invasion of Western Europe during the Second World War and marked as the beginning of the campaign for victory in Europe. The planned invasion or Normandy, was one of the largest invasion in history, the invasion consisted of 1,200 fighting ships, 10,000 planes, 4,126 landing craft, 804 transport ships, and hundreds of amphibious (land and water machines). This would allow for them to move eastwards towards the German capital.

Dwight Eisenhower

  • Dwight Eisenhower was the 34th United States president and general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany, while serving as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during world war ll.

George Patton

  • Patton commanded the Seventh Army until 1944, when he was given command of the Third Army in France. Patton and his troops dominated across Europe after the battle of Normandy and exploited Germany's weaknesses and with great success, covering the 600 miles across France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia.

Omar Bradley AKA (The Soldier’s General)

  • Omar Bradley was one of the major U.S. Army field commanders in North Africa and Europe during World War II, while he was a General of the Army in the United States Army. he was the last surviving five-star commissioned officer of the United States and the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

George C. Marshall

  • George Catlett Marshall was America's foremost soldier during World War II, and served as chief of staff from 1939 to 1945. He built and directed one of the largest army in history. A diplomat, he acted as secretary of state from 1947 to 1949, formulating the "Marshall Plan", which was an unprecedented program of economic and military aid to foreign nations.

The Navajo Code Talkers

  • The Japanese were known as expert code breakers. The Navajo language is unlike any other language on the planet. it's characteristics are unique and not based on other languages, and not spoken commonly outside of the Navajo community. Because of this, the Japanese were unable to understand the complexity of the Navajo language. The Navajo's were able to speak freely to one another over the radio, without fear of having their conversations translated. Nonetheless, the Navajo had to learn specific code words and because of this in part, America was able to win WWII.

The Tuskegee Airmen

  • The Tuskegee Airmen were African-American servicemen of the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) who trained at Alabama's Tuskegee Army Air Field in World War II. They constituted the first African American flying unit in the U.S. military.

The Fall Of Berlin

  • The fall of Berlin started with the invasion of Berlin by the USSR after Germany declared war on them in 1941. And it was about the occupation of the enemy capital, the destruction of their political system and the killing or capture of the criminal conspiracy that made the war in the first place.
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The Pacific Theater

The Pacific Ocean theater, during World War II was a major theater of the war. It was between the Allies and Japan. It was defined by the allied powers Pacific Ocean Area command, which included most of the Pacific Ocean and its islands.

The Bataan Death March

  • The Bataan Death March was a Japanese war crime in the Philippines that started April 9 of 1942, This crime forced 75,000 American/Filipino prisoners of war to walk 60 miles to either their impending death or imprisonment in one of the Japanese camps.

The Two-Pronged Attack Strategy

  • The main Tactic delineated in the war on the pacific front amongst the Japanese was the two-pronged attack. The U.S. divided the Pacific theater into two-prongs. The first prong was commanded by General MacArthur, who would attack the Japanese held islands in the Southwest Pacific. The Second prong was commanded by Admiral Nimitz and would attack the central Pacific islands which included the Gilbert, Marshall, Mariana, Caroline, and Palau islands. Admiral Nimitz forces were to advance towards Japan and retake the islands that would enable American bombers to reach the Japanese home islands. While General MacArthur's forces were to reclaim the Southwest Pacific islands and retake the Philippine Islands and find a way to prevent the Japanese there from launching a flank attack against Admiral Nimitz's forces who were advancing on Japan.

Battle of Midway

  • The Battle of Midway, fought over the U.S mid-Pacific base at Midway atoll, represents the strategic high water mark of Japan's Pacific Ocean war. Anterior to this action, It soon became apparent that Japan had acquired a far more superior Navy over that one of the United States and could usually choose where and when to attack. After Midway, the two opposing sides were substantially equal in Naval power, and the United States soon took the offensive.

Island Hopping AKA (Leapfrogging)

  • The United States wanted to obtain the 'upper hand' over the Japanese, so after their victorious win at Midway the US inaugurated a way to get within easy attack distance of Japan's home islands. Douglas MacArthur commander of Allied Forces in the Pacific in order to get closer to Japan, created landing strips and cut off Japan's supplies. Allies are hopping over strongholds of Japan and capturing weakly held islands.

The Battle of Iwo Jima

  • The battle of Iwo Jima was a battle between the American air, land and sea forces against the Japanese air and land forces. This battles significance stands in the fact that Iwo Jima was another island closer to the Japanese home islands that American bombers could take off and land from in the strategic bombing war against Japan.

The Battle of Okinawa

  • The Battle of Okinawa was the last and biggest battle of the Pacific island battles during World War II, Okinawa was a fierce battle between the United States and Japan. The battle of Okinawa was also known as Operation Iceberg, it was the largest naval assault in the Pacific Theater of World War II. The battle lasted only 82 days from early April until late June of 1945.

The Flying Tigers Air Force

  • The Flying Tigers were the first American volunteer group of the Chinese Air Force. The Flying Tigers consisted of an all volunteer pilot corps recruited from the United States Army Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps. The air force was secretly strategically authorized by President Franklin Roosevelt in the spring of 1941, and was commanded by General Claire Lee Chennault.

Admiral Chester William Nimitz

  • United States Admiral Chester William Nimitz was the commander of the Pacific Fleet during World War Il and was the man who also directed the U.S. victories at Midway, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Chester was the leading U.S. Navy authority on submarines during his early years as Admiral.

General Douglas MacArthur

  • Douglas MacArthur was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
World War II in Europe and the Pacific: Every Day

The change of Europe and Pacific Theaters

The video illustrates the constantly changing front lines of World War II everyday in both the European and Pacific Theaters, from Hitler's invasion of Poland to the Japanese surrender on the USS Missouri.