Greek Cultural Contributions

Lydia Whitman

Architecture

Greek Architecture is known for its columns. There are three types of columns: Doric, Ionic, Corinthian. Other types of Greek art include pottery, sculptures and painting. Every

city-state had a temple that was dedicated to a specific god. They went there to worship and make sacrifices. Some leaders like Pericles and Alexander the Great spread the Greek Architecture throughout Europe.

We see Greek influence in architecture today in important buildings. The White House, Capitol Building, Supreme Court, and the Lincoln Memorial all have columns that show Greek influences.

Government

Greek Government were direct democracies. Where everyone was aloud to state what they thought was right, but only males over the age of 18 were aloud to run. First, they started off with 10 year then they reduced it to 6 years which was changed to 1 year of leadership. The Greeks did have slaves. To of the wars were Persian and the Peloponnese.

We have a democracy like the Greeks did. Where people can vote but you have to be 18 or older to participate. We have term limits today like the President changes every four years and they only serve two terms.

Philosophy

Greek Philosophers were Parricides, Anaxagoras, Animadvert, Pedophiles, Zeno, Pythagoras, Socrates, and Plato. Belief that Zeno taught that the universe is one. Socrates taught that you should not pretend to be something your not. Plato wrote The Republic and Aristotle wrote Manichean Ethics. Some questions were, " How can we be happy?" The other one was, " Does the universe have a purpose?" Philosophers were treated well and highly payed.

We still see doctors using the Hippocratic Oath. We use some math skills today like PI, Pythagorean, theorem, and skills studying geometry.

Mythology

Greek Mythology was used to explain nature. Some of the heroes were Hercules, Odysseus, Perseus, and Theseus. Some of the gods were Zeus the god of the sky, Hera god of marriage, Aphrodite god of love, Athena god of wisdom, and Apollo god of music. Apollo of Athens and Homer, Aesop wrote mythology. After the people died they thought that they went to the underworld to be judged.

Some books and movies that we have today of Ancient Greece are Hercules and Percy Jackson. We still Study the Greek Mythology today.

Sports

Greek sports played were Jumping, Discus Throw, Wrestling, Boxing, Pankration, Running, and Chariot Racing. All free Greek male citizens played. Men, unmarried woman, gods, and government officials watched the sports. Sports were made in honor of the gods. They believed that physical fitness and mental discipline was one way to honor there god Zeus.

We still have the Olympics today. We have many of the same events that they had in Ancient Greece like Javelin, Running, Shot Put, and Long Jump. At the country fairs they still do horse racing.