LONDON

exhibition trip to London

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Introduction

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom Standing on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.

HISTORY

History of London and The origins of the city


- London is located south of England and is the political and economic capital of the UK. The city center is located 60 km from the mouth of the Thames, the river that crosses the city. Its location in the center of the southwest of England benefited because, for a long time was the richest and most populous region of the country.

- The city does not appear until after the Roman conquest. Roman rule lasted from the first century AD to the V century, when the empire fell. In the third century, Londinium, with its harbor, was a major population center, with about 50,000 inhabitants.

Ruined by the Anglo-Saxon invasions of the V century, in the seventh century it became the capital of the small Kingdom Essex and was episcopal see.


While in the ninth century Scandinavian suffered raids, the implementation of Danish settlers in the neighborhood encouraged entrepreneurship and the pursuit of trade, which made it the first urban center of the country. Its wealth attracted Scandinavian and Danish kings who besieged the city and forced to pay tribute.


Since 1067 the city had the same rights as a county and only depended on royal authority. From this period dates the Tower of London.

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GEOGRAPHY

Topography

The Greater London covers an area of ​​1583 square kilometers in which 8,173,194 people lived in 2012, that is, with a population density of 5163 people per square kilometer. The metropolitan area of ​​the city stretches for 8382 km and its population amounts to 13.709 million, 1636 people per km².100 The current London extends over several kilometers from the bed of the Thames.

Weather

Fog in London. In the background, the Palace of Westminster.

London has a temperate, similar to the rest of southern Britain oceanic climate. Despite its reputation for rainy city.

Districts

The huge urban area of ​​London is often divided by a series of district names as Bloomsbury, Mayfair, Wembley and Whitechapel.En 1965 Greater London has been divided into 32 municipalities.

Wildlife

The Natural History Society of London says that the British capital is "one of the greenest cities" with more than 40% of its area are green spaces. He estimates that there are in it more than 2000 plant species and on the Thames River as it passes through the city can be found 120 species of fish.

MUSIC AND FAMOUS SINGERS

London is one of the world capitals of classical and popular music and home to major record labels, as well as home to bands, musicians and industry professionals.

COLDPLAY

RECOPILACION COLDPLAY

ADELE

Lo mejor de Adele (Rolling in the Deep, Someone Like You,etc)

LITERATURE

INTRUCTION

London has been the setting for many works of literature. The literary centres of London have traditionally been hilly Hampstead and (since the early 20th century) Bloomsbury. Writers closely associated with the city are the diarist Samuel Pepys, noted for his eyewitness account of the Great Fire, Charles Dickens, whose representation of a foggy, snowy, grimy London of street sweepers and pickpockets has been a major influence on people's vision of early Victorian London, and Virginia Woolf, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the 20th century.

The pilgrims in Geoffrey Chaucer's late 14th-century Canterbury Tales set out for Canterbury from London – specifically, from the Tabard inn, Southwark. William Shakespeare spent a large part of his life living and working in London; his contemporary Ben Jonson was also based there, and some of his work—most notably his play The Alchemist—was set in the city. A Journal of the Plague Year (1722) by Daniel Defoe is a fictionalisation of the events of the 1665 Great Plague. Later important depictions of London from the 19th and early 20th centuries are Dickens' novels, and Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories. Modern writers pervasively influenced by the city include Peter Ackroyd, author of a "biography" of London, and Iain Sinclair, who writes in the genre of psychogeography.

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CINEMA

INTRODUCTION

London has played a significant role in the film industry, and has major studios at Ealing and a special effects and post-production community centred in Soho. Working Title Films has its headquarters in London. London has been the setting for films including Oliver Twist (1948), Scrooge (1951), Peter Pan (1953), The 101 Dalmatians (1961), My Fair Lady (1964), Mary Poppins (1964), Blowup (1966),The Long Good Friday (1980), Notting Hill (1999), Love Actually (2003), V For Vendetta (2005), Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber Of Fleet Street (2008) and The King's Speech (2010). Notable actors and filmmakers from London include; Charlie Chaplin, Alfred Hitchcock, Michael Caine, Helen Mirren Gary Olmand,Christopher Nolan, Jude Law,Tom Hardy, Keira Knightley and Daniel Day-Lewis . As of 2008, the British Academy Film Awards have taken place at the Royal Opera House. London is a major centre for television production, with studios including BBC Television Centre, The Fountain Studios and The London Studios. Many television programmes have been set in London, including the popular television soap opera Eastenders, broadcast by the BBC since 1985.
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LANDMARKS

SPORTS

London has hosted three Summer Olympics: in 1908, 1948 and 2012. In July 2005 the city was chosen to host the Olympic Games held in the summer of 2012, becoming the only city that has organized three Olympics of the modern era. In 1934 the city hosted the Games of the British Empire and host the World Athletics Championships 2017.
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SCIENCE

Information

London has become a haven of data. Not only is the enormous amount of information generated, but shares with its citizens. UK has made the dissemination of data a national priority. There are huge open databases such as Open Data Institute, created by Berners-Lee himself.

Science Museum, London

The Science Museum is a major museum on Exhibition Road in South Kensington, London. It was founded in 1857 and today is one of the city's major tourist attractions, attracting 3.3 million visitors Annually.

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Realizado por: Laura B. y Sole C.